Johannine Writings “The rich man may trust Him; but the poor man must.... the poor man has no fortress in which to hide, except the two strong arms of God.” (Meyer), ii. There should also come in a poor man: “The word signifies one very poor, even to beggarliness.” (Poole). If we really believe something we will follow through and act upon it. James 2:2 contains a statement which, at first sight, may be difficult to understand, as it seems to contradict other biblical passages. Preferring the Wealthy over the Poor (James 2:1–4) Read James 2:1–4. d. Thus also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead: This is the first time James speaks of a dead faith. What is it about man that makes us uncomfortable with situations such as this? You know their need well, but offer nothing to help them except a few religious words. c. Faith was working together with his works, and by works faith was made perfect: Faith and works cooperated perfectly together in Abraham. As a saying goes: faith alone saves, but the faith that saves is not alone; it has good works with it. That is to say that no one really knows if a person is truly a Christian but God and the believer. Wisdom Literature In verse 2:14, James speaks of a person having faith without deeds and asks, “Can such faith save him?” Can it? Have you not shown partiality among yourselves, and become judges with evil thoughts? i. If a brother or sister is naked and destitute of daily food: To fail in the most simple good work towards a brother or sister in need demonstrates that one does not have a living faith, and we can only be saved by a living faith in Jesus. a. The lesson from Abraham is clear: if we believe in God, we will do what He tells us to do. He wrote: For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them (Ephesians 2:10). What is it? b. However, erga and ergon are simply plural and singular forms of the same word. (Jam 2:15-17) An example of dead faith. Pentateuch James, A Study Guide - From The Executable Outlines Series by Mark A. Copeland - Hundreds of free sermon outlines and Bible study materials available for online browsing and downloading. Poetical Books “The law of liberty is the law which defines our relationship to God and man as love-mastered. i. “Your pretending to have faith, while you have no works of charity or mercy, is utterly vain: for as faith, which is a principle in the mind, cannot be discerned but by the effects, that is, good works; he who has no good works has, presumptively, no faith.” (Clarke). The Old Testament 2 Imagine two people coming into your meeting. When discussing work, he invariably uses the plural works (Greek erga) rather than the singular work (Greek ergon). 3 Greetings! “That is, his profession of faith; for it is not said that he has faith, but that he says, I have faith.” (Clarke). c. Have you not shown partiality among yourselves, and become judges with evil thoughts? 2. (hint: Crystal McDowell wrote about her: Jacob’s Ladder: Bible Story Summary and Lessons. Yet he had offered Isaac his son in his firm resolution and intentions, and would have surely completed the act had not God stopped him. iii. As Charles Spurgeon is reported to have said: “The grace that does not change my life will not save my soul.”. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point That way, we can grow in faith and maturity so we can apply our Christian character and conduct in how we are to others! Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a Show me your faith without your works, and I will show you my faith by my works: The appeal of James is clear and logical. Interestingly enough because of human nature, the same problems are in the church today. Verse 10 of James 2 is one of the most popular verses that people cite when considering how difficult it is to keep the law. “He doth not say, faith is dead without works, lest it should be thought that works were the cause of the life of faith; but faith without works is dead; implying, that works are the effects and signs of the life of faith.” (Poole). In the ancient world people were routinely and permanently categorized because they were Jew or Gentile, slave or free, rich or poor, Greek or barbarian, or whatever. “There is nothing that men dread more than poverty. Was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works: Rahab demonstrated her trust in the God of Israel by hiding the spies and seeking salvation from their God (Joshua 2:8-13). Additionally, she works with her husband using their extensive experience in information technology to provide Christ-centered teaching and resources to people all over the world. 1 Corinthians 12:12-14 – Just as a body, though one, has many parts, but all its many parts form one body, so it is with Christ. Chapter 1 discusses several evidences of true faith (joy, patience, endurance, etc.). Johannine Writings Question 9: Who was Rahab and how was she justified? 4. The “spirit” of the body is the breath of life that we have, when that breath leaves us our body physically dies. a. Learn more about Pamela at Christianity Every Day. (James 2:14-20) What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? James merely clarifies for us the kind of faith that saves. James BIBLE STUDY LESSON SHEETS. ii. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point James did not contradict the Apostle Paul, who insisted that we are saved not of works (Ephesians 2:9). Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Previous post: Book Review: Gods at War by Kyle Idleman, Next post: Jacob’s Ladder: Bible Story Summary and Lessons. Have you trusted Him for eternal life? James 1 James 3 Chapter 2 In this chapter the apostle condemns a sinful regarding of the rich, and despising the poor, which he imputes to partiality and injustice, and shows it to be an acting contrary to God, who has chosen the poor, and whose interest is often … Think on that! i. “It is also called a law of liberty, because it is freely and willingly kept of the regenerate, to whom it is no burden or bondage.” (Trapp). We can’t say, “I like God’s command against murder, so I’ll keep that one. Answer 10: acceptable (other synonyms: validated, vindicated, pardoned, verified, others? Pauline Epistles In the opening verses to chapter 2 James appears to be admonishing the body of Christ to stop showing partiality based upon social status: (James 2:1-9) My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with respect of persons. Prophets -------------------- If one must judge in a dispute between a rich man and a poor man, they should let the law and the facts of the case decide the judgment instead of the economic class of those in the dispute. i. “How many have we now-a-days that will be but as friends at a sneeze! Luke-Acts 2 Suppose a man comes into your meeting wearing a gold ring and fine clothes, and a poor man in filthy old clothes also comes in. iii. This section of Scripture is one that many misunderstand and even misinterpret. Historical Books Abraham was justified by faith long before he offered Isaac (Genesis 15:6). “It’s fine for you to have your gift of works and that you care for the needy. Bible > BSB > James 2 James 2 Berean Study Bible: Par A Warning against Favoritism. Major Prophets Feel free to cite Scripture passages to support your answer. For example, the Greek word translated “assembly” (2:2), is the word for “synagogue”. b. To show partiality shows that we misunderstand who is important and blessed in the sight of God. Bible Study Lesson Sheets-- These are lessons … Read them in the archive below. Therefore they may be far more rich in faith than the rich man. d. You see then that a man is justified by works, and not by faith only: The faith only that will not justify a man is a faith that is without works, a dead faith. Some might say that James totally contradicts what Paul teaches about faith and works. James 2 Geneva Study Bible. (Titus 3:8), ii. “He designedly put together two persons so different in their character, in order more clearly to shew, that no one, whatever may have been his or her condition, nation, or class in society, has ever been counted righteous without good works.” (Calvin, cited in Hiebert). James did not contradict the Apostle Paul, who insisted that we are saved not of works (Ephesians 2:9). "Are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts?" b. 2. Read Luke 18:10-14. b. They are chosen... to be rich in faith because the poor of this world simply have more opportunities to trust God. 2. i. a. Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way? 1 From James, 1 a slave 2 of God and the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes dispersed abroad. For we were all baptized by one Spirit so as to form one body—whether Jews or Gentiles, slave or free—and we were all given the one Spirit to drink. But his obedience in offering Isaac demonstrated that he really did trust God. My brethren, do not hold the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with partiality. Question 3: Cite at least one more Scripture reference that refers to brotherly love. James 2:14-26 ~ Faith and Deeds ~ Discussion Questions 1. When we quench the Holy Spirit (Who produces that fruit) our faith will not grow and therefore it becomes “dead” faith. -------------------- Minor Prophets Question 8: James speaks of Abraham sacrificing Isaac. Remember that Judas appeared to be much better leadership material than Peter. James, the half-brother of Jesus was not known to Christianity, until after the resurrection of Jesus. in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry. ), Resource – The Holy Bible, King James Version, Tagged as: Pentateuch When you study the entire book of James in the Bible you will see two distinct ideas being discussed: (1) marks of true faith and (2) marks false faith. Her belief in the God of Israel would not have saved her if she had not done something with that faith. i. “Till the final rift between Judaism and Christianity both Christian and non-Christian Jews used, at least often, the same word for their sacred meeting-place.” (Adamson), ii. Do not the rich oppress you and drag you into the courts? (Jam 2:14) The principle established: true faith will be accompanied by action. Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works. He compared the absurdity of hearing the Word, then ignoring it, to a man looking at his face in a mirror and then immediately forgetting what he looks like. To understand this more we need to remember the purpose of the law. Real faith will be demonstrated by works. The whole law must be kept if one will be justified by the law. They will break every commandment in the Decalogue rather than be poor. B. Yet we may say that He has chosen the poor first, in the sense Paul spoke of in 1 Corinthians 1:26: For you see your calling, brethren, that not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called. Here, in chapter 2, James urge his readers not to show favoritism or partiality. (Jam 2:5-7) Man’s partiality rarely agrees with God’s heart. Question 10: The second chapter of James speaks of many types of people. He goes on to say that we shall be judged without mercy if we have showed no mercy, introducing the idea of how even the believer will be judged according to their works … not for salvation, but for rewards at the Judgment Seat of Christ (2 Corinthians 5:10-15). To speak and do under that impulse, is to be free indeed. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, (Hebrew/Greek Search by English Definition), * 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order', Search verses, phrases, and topics (e.g. The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, Of course, God has not only chosen the poor. History shows that the rich can indeed oppress the poor. James 2:10-13) For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. He had one opportunity only of living our life, and He chose to be born of parents too poor to present more than two doves at his presentation in the temple.” (Meyer), iv. Pauline Epistles a. c. James does not contradict Paul, who insisted that we are saved not of works (Ephesians 2:9). Question 5: There are other judgments in the Bible, can you find one that talks about judgment for the unbeliever? -------------------- range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed 2 My brothers and sisters, when you show favoritism you deny the faithfulness of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has been resurrected in glory. 4. ii. A verification email has been sent to the address you provided. If he never had believed God, he could have never done the good work of obedience when asked to offer Isaac. Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding. "THE EPISTLE OF JAMES" Chapter Two OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THE CHAPTER 1) To consider the sin and danger of showing personal favoritism 2) To note the folly of faith without works, how that faith without works is a dead faith SUMMARY In this chapter we first find a call to hold the faith of Jesus Christ without partiality. -------------------- But it is God’s chosen lot. You do well. It has liberty, yet it is still a law that must be obeyed and that we will be judged by at the judgment seat of Christ (2 Corinthians 5:10). 3. Has God not chosen the poor of this world to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom: Though it is easy for man to be partial to the rich, God isn’t partial to them. Major Prophets c. For judgment is without mercy to the one who has shown no mercy: As those who will be judged by the law of liberty, we should always show mercy to others by refraining from partiality. ii. i. James is relating another principle of Jesus from the Sermon on the Mount: For with what judgment you judge, you will be judged; and with the measure you use, it will be measured back to you (Matthew 7:2). But ye have despised the poor. Has not God chosen: The poor are chosen in the sense that the poor more readily respond to God in faith, having fewer obstacles to the kingdom. Just Published Cathy's New Book James Study Guide. My brothers and sisters, do you with your acts of favoritism really believe in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ? What are some marks of saving faith? conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy The Whole Bible “He breaks the whole law, though not the whole of the law: as he that wounds a man’s arm wounds the whole man, though not the whole of the man.” (Poole). General Epistles Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. Luke-Acts Share this page using one of these tools: Email / username or password was incorrect! Poetical Books But I don’t like His command against adultery, so I will disregard it.” God cares about the whole law. So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty. i. “Here is a proof that faith cannot exist without being active in works of righteousness. The Gospels What does it profit, my brethren, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. James 2:14-26 These small group studies of James contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Ranking among one of the earliest New Testament books written, perhaps even prior to 50 A.D., finds as it author one of the a half-brothers to our Lord. He uses a great play on words in the ending verse “For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also”. 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