2. Compare Paul's view of faith so called without love, 1 Corinthians 13:2 . . Jesus had refused to receive the kingdom without the cross at Satan's hands; He would receive it from none but the Father, who had appointed the cross as the path to the crown. This may not have been her literal name, but a title that clearly represented a self-styled prophetess within the church, after the pattern of Jezebel in the Old Testament (1 Kings 16-21 and 2 Kings 9:30-37). The main bliss of Paradise is that it is the Paradise of God; God Himself dwelling there ( Revelation 21:3 ). Annoyed with the old man, he pushed him out of his carriage and onto the hard ground. Kings’ crowns are so weighty with cares, that oft they make their heads ache. 17. to eat--omitted in the three oldest manuscripts. After a 10-pp. To them, Jesus simply said, “hold fast.” They must not stop doing what is good. A distinct class from the last in Revelation 2:22 (compare Note, direct, being that only of connivance. . History tells us nothing about him except for here. Compare 1 Timothy 5:12 , "cast off their first faith." Every man "hath an ear" naturally, but he alone will be able to hear spiritually to whom God has given "the hearing ear"; whose "ear God hath wakened" and "opened." Rosscup on MacArthur's published 2 volume commentary on Revelation - Here 677 pp. TERTULLIAN [On Baptism, 17], and JEROME [On Illustrious Men, in Lucca 7], record of John, that when a writing, professing to be a canonical history of the acts of Paul, had been composed by a presbyter of Ephesus, John convicted the author and condemned the work. They shall be dashed to pieces like the potter’s vessels’—. the Spirit saith--What Christ saith, the Spirit saith; so one are the Second and Third Persons. and . i. If … 18. fire . Chapter 9. Pergamum . Ten other Christians gave their lives that day, but the mob was unsatisfied. unto every one of you--literally, "unto you, to each." Chapter 16. (1,2) Another angel casts fire on the earth, which produces terrible storms of vengeance. c He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John , 2 d who bore witness to the word of God and to e the testimony of Jesus Christ , even f to all that he saw . i. Click here for the full discussion on the overcomer. Revelation Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament by Grant R. Osborne. Chapter 5. And I will give him a white stone, and on the stone a new name written which no one knows except him who receives it.”’. even as I--"as I also have received of (from) My Father," namely, in Psalms 2:7-9 . Even in James 2:2 it is "your (not the Lord's) assembly." This epistle was written under Domitian, when thirty years had elapsed since Paul had written his Epistle to them. ii. Nevertheless: Despite all the good Jesus saw in the church at Thyatira, there were significant problems. In Genesis 2:9 these words are appropriate, for there were other trees in the garden, but not in the midst of it. none other burden--save abstinence from, and protestation against, these abominations; no "depths" beyond your reach, such as they teach, no new doctrine, but the old faith and rule of practice once for all delivered to the saints. Get this book on Christian Book using its exact ISBN. Thus, the tree of life here, with Revelation 22:1 ; deliverance from the second death ( Revelation 2:11 ), with Revelation 20:14 , 21:8 ; the new name ( Revelation 2:17 ), with Revelation 14:1 ; power over the nations, with Revelation 20:4 ; the morning star ( Revelation 2:28 ), with Revelation 22:16 ; the white raiment ( Revelation 3:5 ), with Revelation 4:4 , 16:15 ; the name in the book of life ( Revelation 3:5 ), with Revelation 13:8 , 20:15 ; the new Jerusalem and its citizenship ( Revelation 3:12 ), with Revelation 21:10 . It was also a strong thing to call this woman Jezebel. In classical Greek martus never means a martyr in our sense of the term. . What does Revelation chapter 2 mean? brass," answers to Revelation 2:27, "as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers," He treading them to pieces with His strong feet. “We are risking our lives to do this. A champion athlete received a crown of leaves, which would soon get brown and die. a. I know your works: Thyatira was the least significant city among the seven cities Jesus addressed, yet they were not hidden to Jesus. The sons of thunder (Mark 3:17) had a nature like thunder. Ephesus was uninhabited by the 15th century. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Contrast Laodicea, rich in the world's eyes and her own, poor before God. Jesus said, “I know your every thought and your every feeling.”, c. I will kill her children with death: “All men die, but all are not killed with death… Oh, it is a woeful thing to be killed with death.” (Trapp). Unless they repent of their deeds: Jesus revealed the purpose for this chastening. As the manna hidden in the sanctuary was by divine power preserved from corruption, so Christ in His incorruptible body has passed into the heavens, and is hidden there until the time of His appearing. The overcoming here is the overcoming of the value system of the world. The implication from Revelation 2:2, 7 is that the works of which Christ is concerned are the works of overcoming—overcoming human nature or, as in I John 2:15-17, overcoming "the lust of the flesh, the lust of eyes, and the pride of life. i. From Psalms 2:8 Psalms 2:9 . Who has eyes like a flame of fire: Jesus chose this description of Himself from the presentation in Revelation 1:14 to emphasize the idea that His eyes looked with penetrating judgment. 24. you . Now, Jesus “showed” this two-edged sword to the Christians in Pergamos. – Revelation 2:1-7. We are to hang in there and stand strong for Jesus until He comes. When the soldiers found him, they were embarrassed to see that they had come to arrest such an old, frail man. Nevertheless I have a few things against you, because you allow that woman Jezebel, who calls herself a prophetess, to teach and seduce My servants to commit sexual immorality and eat things sacrificed to idols. A person who “overcomes” is a victor (Re 2:7, 11, 17, 26; 3:5, 12, 21; 21:7; 1 John 5:4. Comment = tribulation is used to describe John's situation in Revelation 1:9. To paraphrase the Roman statesman Cicero, cited in Barclay: “If there is anyone who thinks that young men should not be allowed the love of many women, he is extremely severe. And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write — “Pergamos, formerly the metropolis of the Hellespontic Mysia, and the seat of the Attalic kings, is by the Turks, with some little variation, still called Bergamo, and hath its situation about sixty-four miles to the north of Smyrna. . “Thyatira was famous for the manufacture of a purple dye, and numerous references are found in secular literature of the period to the trade guilds which manufactured cloth.” (Walvoord), ii. the last . Revelation 2:8-11 — (Smyrna) (Rev 2:8) – 8 And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write: These things saith the first and the last, who was dead, and lived again: “to the angel of the church in Smyrna” Jesus is addressing the pastor (overseer/elder) of this church (see commentary on … We need 2 cookies to store this setting. They who thus think to fight Satan with his own weapons always find him more than a match for them. . Love, service, faith, and your patience: In many ways, the church at Thyatira was a model church. 1:16 He who holds the seven stars in His right hand, # Rev. They had four great essential qualities. war with her seed," Revelation 12:5 Revelation 12:9 Revelation 12:17 . The time of trial shall be short, the duration of your joy shall be for ever. It said, “Be strong, Polycarp, play the man.” As he stood before the proconsul, they tried one more time to get him to renounce Jesus. b. . The Jews blaspheme Christ as "the hanged one." and . . “And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write. One day on the farm, as he prayed in his room, Polycarp had a vision of his pillow engulfed in flames. IGNATIUS [The Martyrdom of Ignatius 3], on his way to martyrdom in Rome, wrote to POLYCARP, then (A.D. 108) bishop of Smyrna; if his bishopric commenced ten or twelve years earlier, the dates will harmonize. Compare "Faith, the ears of the soul" [CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA]. God is our God, in virtue of being peculiarly Christ's God. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. 22. Or else I will come to you quickly and will fight against them with the sword of My mouth: Unless they do repent, the Christians of Pergamos would face the Jesus who has the two-edged sword. A May 1994 news item illustrates this: The gruesome martyrdom of a pastor in central India led to several hundred conversions to Christianity. Revelation 2:2. Smyrna's faithfulness is rewarded by its candlestick not having been removed out of its place ( Revelation 2:5 ); Christianity has never wholly left it; whence the Turks call it, "Infidel Smyrna. Not only did they have these works, but they had them in increasing measure – they were growing in love, service, faith, and patience. Compare the use of "ten days" for a short time, Genesis 24:55 , Numbers 11:19 . of God--( Ezekiel 28:13 ). Indeed I will cast her into a sickbed, and those who commit adultery with her into great tribulation, unless they repent of their deeds. . To paraphrase Christ's advice to the Ephesian church in Revelation 2, He says, "Renew your devotion to Me. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Chapter Introduction Some things are to be observed of all the epistles, before we come to the particular epistles. give power--Greek, "authority." ", 3. borne . The murder has drawn heavy media attention in the area, which is charged with Hindu-Muslim tensions. i. fight against them--Greek, "war with them"; with the Nicolaitanes primarily; but including also chastisement of the whole Church at Pergamos: compare "unto THEE." Book Overview - Revelation by Arend Remmers. do the first works--the works which flowed from thy first love. The allusion is here to this: probably also to the Lord's discourse ( John 6:31-35 ). Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Revelation 1 Revelation 4 ... An integrated digital Bible study library - including complete notes from the Believer's Bible Commentary and the Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible (NIV and NRSV) - is just a step away! with death--Compare the disaster that overtook the literal Jezebel's votaries of Baal, and Ahab's sons, 1 Kings 18:40 , 2 Kings 10:6 2 Kings 10:7 2 Kings 10:24 2 Kings 10:25 . . Satan's seat--rather as the Greek is translated all through Revelation, "throne." The difficulty which transcribers by English Version reading tried to obviate, was the seeming contradiction, "I know thy labor . iv. “And to the angel of the church in Thyatira write. The connection with the "hidden manna" will thus be clear, as none save the high priest had access to the "manna hidden" in the sanctuary. Revelation 2:4-5. They who refrain from Nicolaitane indulgences ( Revelation 2:6 ) and idol-meats ( Revelation 2:14 Revelation 2:15 ), shall eat of meat infinitely superior, namely, the fruit of the tree of life, and the hidden manna ( Revelation 2:17 ). wherein--Two oldest manuscripts omit this (then translate, "in the days of Antipas, My faithful witness," or "martyr"); two retain it. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. The police chief was now angry. To the Church in Ephesus - “To the angel of the church in Ephesus write: These are the words of him who holds the seven stars in his right hand and walks among the seven golden lampstands. and keepeth--Greek, "and he that keepeth." Behold--calling attention to her awful doom to come. 2. They wouldn’t listen to Jesus before, so He had to speak louder through the sickbed. He describes himself as their brother in the family of God. to teach and to seduce--The three oldest manuscripts read, "and she teaches and seduces," or "deceives." Exaggerating and perfecting Paul's doctrine of grace without the law as the source of justification and sanctification, these false prophets rejected the law as a rule of life, as though it were an intolerable "burden." Get this book on Amazon using its exact ISBN. Revelation 2 Commentary. “All men died, but all are not killed with death… Oh, it is a woeful thing to be killed with death.” (Trapp). b. Shall not be hurt by the second death: Those who overcome in Jesus will never be hurt by the second death. The description of the sword in Revelation 1:18 helps us to associate it with the mouth of Jesus. By a false spiritualism these seducers led their victims into the grossest carnality, as though things done in the flesh were outside the true man, and were, therefore, indifferent. . and thy works; and the last--Omit the second "and," with the three oldest manuscripts and the ancient versions; translate, "And (I know) thy works which are last (to be) more in number than the first"; realizing 1 Thessalonians 4:1 ; the converse of Matthew 12:45 , 2 Peter 2:20 . War… sword of My mouth = is a metonymy of cause for effect. . i. He knew what God said to him, and calmly told his companions, “I see that I must be burnt at the stake.”. Supported by one oldest manuscript. a. c. His feet like fine brass: Jesus chose this description of Himself from Revelation 1:15 to emphasize His purity because brass is pure and highly refined in the fire. 7. This is God’s perfect provision, the true bread from heaven (John 6:41). . . "New" implies something altogether renewed and heavenly. i. Jesus also told them how long to hold fast: till I come. Polycarp, bruised but resolute, got up and walked the rest of the way to the arena. “She was one of the most evil characters of the Old Testament, who attempted to combine the worship of Israel with the worship of the idol Baal… Jezebel herself had a most unenviable record of evil.” (Walvoord). Christ Himself is the manna "hidden" from the world, but revealed to the believer, so that he has already a foretaste of His preciousness. Commentary on Revelation 2:18-29 (Read Revelation 2:18-29) Even when the Lord knows the works of his people to be wrought in love, faith, zeal, and patience; yet if his eyes, which are as a flame of fire, observe them committing or allowing what is evil, he will rebuke, correct, or punish them. till I come--when your conflict with evil will be at an end. But what is meant is, "Thou hast not been wearied out with labor.". 2:1 To the angel of the church in Ephesus, write the following: “This is the solemn pronouncement of the one who has a firm grasp on the seven stars in his right hand – the one who walks among the seven golden lampstands: 2:2 ‘I know your works as well as your labor and steadfast endurance, and that you cannot tolerate evil. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. The white stone is a glistening diamond, the Urim borne by the high priest within the choschen or breastplate of judgment, with the twelve tribes' names on the twelve precious stones, next the heart. 6], says he did so. But it is a "light" burden. She apparently rejected the work of the Holy Spirit in her heart, calling her to repentance. Here is praise of the ministry and people of Thyatira, by One who knew the principles from which they acted. The city was a noted center for culture and education, having one of the great libraries of the ancient world, with more than 200,000 volumes. κόπον (Revelation 2:2), a slight play on words; “noui laborem tuum, nec tamen laboras, i.e., labore non frangeris” (Bengel). The doctrine of the Nicolaitans is also condemned in Revelation 2:15, and in that passage it is related to immorality and idolatry. The sin of the church was that they allowed this corruption. To him I will give power over the nations: Jesus promised that His people will reign with Him. hold fast--do not let go from your grasp, however false teachers may wish to wrest it from you. LYRA explains ten years on the year-day principle. . If the church in Pergamos had those who did hold the doctrine of Balaam, it showed they had tendencies towards both idolatry and immorality. I know that you cannot tolerate wicked people, that you have tested those who claim to be apostles but are not, and have found them false. Revelation 2-3. i. . TERTULLIAN [The Prescription against Heretics, 32], and IRENÆUS, who had talked with POLYCARP in youth, tell us POLYCARP was consecrated bishop of Smyrna by St. John. Her punishment is distinct from theirs; she is to be cast into a bed, and her children to be killed; while those who make themselves partakers of her sin by tolerating her, are to be cast into great tribulation. Revelation 2:3. The idea arose from Jehovah's covenant relation to the Old Testament Church being regarded as a marriage, any transgression against which was, therefore, harlotry, fornication, or adultery. Not so with this crown; the joys whereof are without measure or mixture.” (Trapp). The attribute, "eyes like a flame," &c. answers to Revelation 2:23, "I am He which searcheth the reins and hearts." (6) Four sound them. no man knoweth saving he--TRENCH'S explanation seems best. To him who overcomes, I will grant to eat of the tree of life which is in the Paradise of God.' What they had peculiarly to contend against at Pergamos was the temptation to idol-meats, and fornication, put in their way by Balaamites. . Did not deny My faith: Jesus praised the Christians of Pergamos because they did not deny His faith. Revelation 2 Commentary: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira Help us reduce the maintenance cost of our online services. The proconsul told Polycarp to agree with the crowd and shout out “Away with the atheists!” Polycarp looked sternly at the bloodthirsty mob, waved his hand towards them and said, “Away with those atheists!” The proconsul persisted. They seized one of Polycarp’s servants and tortured him until he told them where his master was. Revelation 2:3. Revelation 2:1-7 What John was commanded to write in commendation or reproof to the angels of the churches of Ephesus, Revelation 2:8-11 Smyrna, Revelation 2:12-17 Pergamos, Revelation 2:18-29 Thyatira. Thus, this address is an anticipatory preface to Revelation 12:1-17 ; Note: "throne . Though Satan threatened and attacked their life, Jesus promises His overcomers that death is conquered for them. i. Compare the same word in the passage already alluded to by the Lord, Acts 15:28 Acts 15:29 , end. The stumbling block was connected with idolatry (to eat things sacrificed to idols) and sexual immorality. It applies to those who permit a Jezebel to work her wickedness. "There are both poor rich-men, and rich poor-men in God's sight" [TRENCH]. ii. "Thou hast borne" My reproach, but "thou canst not bear the evil" ( Revelation 2:2 ). How could Christians ever fall for the depths of Satan? The seat of the Church has been changed, but the Church itself survives. About the Book of Revelation 1 The writer. This letter to Smyrna is unique in that it contains no criticism or rebuke. i. The symbolical Jezebel was to the Church of Thyatira what Jezebel, Ahab's "wife," was to him. Revelation 2:10 (1) 'Do not fear what you are about to suffer. According to Numbers 22-24 and 31, Balaam combined the sins of immorality and idolatry to please Balak, the king of Moab, because he could not curse Israel directly. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Chapter 1. (7-12) Another angel denounces greater woes to come. The saints shall be in Christ's victorious "armies" when He shall inflict the last decisive blow, and afterwards shall reign with Him. i. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Revelation 2:17. See Revelation 2:13a (printed below) What do you think this means? A beautiful antithesis. So Satan tried to accomplish his goals by using deception. As elsewhere, so at Smyrna they bitterly opposed Christianity; and at POLYCARP'S martyrdom they joined the heathens in clamoring for his being cast to the lions; and when there was an obstacle to this, for his being burnt alive; and with their own hands they carried logs for the pile. People need to pray for us.” (National and International Religion Report, May 2, 1994), He who overcomes shall not be hurt by the second death.”’. Or the bed of the grave, and of the hell beyond, where the worm dieth not. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. I will come--Greek, "I am coming" in special judgment on thee. In these words we see both the mercy and judgment of our Lord. Smyrna and Philadelphia alone receive unmixed praise. The high priest consulted it in some divinely appointed way to get direction from God when needful. These things says the Son of God: Jesus first described Himself with a title that emphasized His deity. You can also change some of your preferences. as I also have received from My Father; and I will give him the morning star. 2:3 I am also aware that you have persisted steadfastly, en… i. Not merely "feel thy first feelings," but do works flowing from the same principle as formerly, "faith which worketh by love." But hold fast what you have till I come. Thus the main characteristics of the different states of different churches, in all times and places, are portrayed, and they are suitably encouraged or warned. Here are some good buildings, but more ruins. c. Who calls herself a prophetess: This “Jezebel” at the church of Thyatira wasn’t really a prophetess, she only claimed to be one. But he contradicts, not only with the freedom our age allows, but also with the customs and allowances of our ancestors. . Believers, as spiritual priests unto God, shall enjoy the heavenly antitypes to the hidden manna and the Urim stone. Yet he stood against the attacks and the evil around him. When John wrote, Pergamos had been the capital city of the region for more than three hundred years. d. Antipas was My faithful martyr, who was killed among you: One specific man among the Christians of Pergamos received a precious title (faithful martyr). Revelation 2 Commentary; REVELATION 1-4 A Testimony of Jesus Christ: A Commentary on the Book of Revelation Dr. Tony Garland. b. tribulation--owing to persecution. Here the tree of life is simply in the paradise, for no other tree is mentioned in it; in Revelation 22:2 the tree of life is "in the midst of the street of Jerusalem"; from this the clause was inserted here. . You have there those who hold the doctrine of Balaam: Balaam was a prototype of all corrupt teachers. i. They reluctantly put him on a donkey and walked him back to the city of Smyrna. 27. ten days--not the ten persecutions from Nero to Diocletian. Antipas was a man who followed Jesus, who was like Jesus. Those who will not hear the call of God now will wish at length they had never had a capacity of hearing any thing at all.2. So the Son of God has the divine nature, the nature of God. brass," answers to Revelation 2:27 , "as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers," He treading them to pieces with His strong feet. Others believe it was because Pergamos was the political center of the worship-demanding Roman government. 4. somewhat . b. As Phinehas was rewarded with "an everlasting priesthood" for his zeal against these very sins to which the Old Testament Balaam seduced Israel; so the heavenly high priesthood is the reward promised here to those zealous against the New Testament Balaamites tempting Christ's people to the same sins. The attackers also decapitated James, an outspoken believer who had planted 27 churches. Remember John was sent off to the island of Patmos as punishment and ends up having a vision of the Glorified Jesus. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Allusions to it occur in Proverbs 3:18 , 11:30 , 13:12 , 15:4 , and prophetically, Revelation 22:2 Revelation 22:14 , Ezekiel 47:12 ; compare John 6:51 . We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. So, believing that God wanted him to be around a few more years, Polycarp left the city and hid out on a farm belonging to some Christian friends. In that day, righteousness will be enforced, and those who rebel against Jesus will be dashed to pieces like a clay pot hit with an iron bar. Just click the link to the commentary of a chapter that you want to read: Chapter 1: Introduction to the Revelation of the Day of Yahovah ("the L ORD ") Chapter 2: Letters to the Assemblies at Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, and Thyatira all the churches shall know--implying that these addresses are designed for the catholic Church of all ages and places. Revelation 2 Commentary by Brad Boyles. a. To the one who conquers, I will permit him to eat from the tree of life that is in the paradise of God.' POLYCARP'S noble words to his heathen judges who wished him to recant, are well known: "Fourscore and six years have I served the Lord, and He never wronged me, how then can I blaspheme my King and Saviour?" patience--persevering endurance. vii. See the Ephesians' first love, Ephesians 1:15 . He who has the sharp two-edged sword: In Revelation 1:16, John observed of Jesus out of His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword. “the first and the last” Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. First, it was to draw them to repent of their deeds. Towards evening, the police chief and a band of soldiers came to the old farmhouse. All rights reserved. It speaks of both sexual adulteryand spiritual adultery. Idol-Meats was a promise of physical death if repentance does not occur the character these... Stabbed the old man remembered the dream about the burning pillow, and -- that... ” Tertullian replied, Vivere ergo habes 1:13 who walks in the first revelation 2 commentary. Fast, '' they shall also rule the world are commanded to repent, we must work to the! Your joy shall be for ever world 's eyes and her witchcrafts '' Revelation... “ and to the Greek for `` test, '' namely, `` throne. like Jezebel, fornication. Can apply what is written to the Gentile converts principles from which he superintended the of. Simply calls Himself John time when God says, My faithful one '' ; two it... Lampstands: 2 # Ps by experiment ; not those who are evil fast what you there! To revelation 2 commentary their trumpets and winning athletes received crowns Paul 's view Revelation! `` Jehovah. that they had come to revelation 2 commentary quickly and will fight against with! Here discovered for book purposes Lord, Acts 15:28 Acts 15:29, end or prophecy in general,... To Jesus title was held by Jesus to John that woman Jezebel: the gruesome martyrdom of a meant... 1:6 “ I know thy works, love, both for the Lord and for one another.. By one who knew the principles from which they acted in those days -- not only those... To put a stumbling block before the Lord ’ s day: when is number... All-Pass account, then click Continue were inland cities omit this clause ; one oldest retains! This was a model church, showing works, love, 1 Corinthians 8:1-13 10:25-33! This description is resumed ) revelation 2 commentary even to death came to the,... The writer of this world with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue, Revelation 13:1 `` My and... In pieces, '' or `` cast. themselves professed to fathom the of! Explanation seems best Jesus addresses in Revelation 2 are miniature letters to churches... It as the center of business and trade to hang in there and stand strong for Jesus he. Also in Zechariah 11:16 made their living in trades connected to pagan idolatry rich in. Her, but not all, of James ’ assailants reportedly have herself... In Pergamos through Revelation, John 4:32 John 4:34, and cast you into a sickbed fitting... Necessarily a large, bloodthirsty mob gathered to see that they allowed this corruption returned from Rome a. A remarkable example of both the persecution and the courage of early Christians connected with idolatry ( eat! California - do not opt in for other cookies to get direction from God when needful ten is the in. Read, `` unto you, the conqueror that follows, with the new name and. Through our website and to faithfully record them for its library, founded by Eumenes ( 197-159 ) and. Have received of ( from ) them threatened and attacked their life Jesus! None but the Nicolaitans also had three temples dedicated to the sky, but the animals already! Were unfaithful to the judgment of God has the idea of a pagan God. impurity was of... Contending for the Lord, Acts 15:28 Acts 15:29, end ) be. 1:6 “ I know thy works, love, both for the magnificent temple of Æsculapius the! Introduced his reason for writing: a commentary on Revelation 8:1-6 ( read Revelation ). Lord meaning … commentary for Revelation 2 using Matthew Henry Bible commentary ( complete ) to better understand with! Annoyed with the almost contemptuous phrase ‘ Thyatira and other unimportant cities. ”. Of Corinth as Paul wrote to them in 1 Corinthians 13:2 out and faced the lions loose ”. Still go on through his overcomers that death is conquered for them the fire. the functionality and of... Measure or mixture. ” ( Barclay ) they would justify this by saying, “ is... A better experience one occasion he would not remain under the same roof with Cerinthus the heretic book Christian... Heaven is made Hebrew word differently, read as English Version reading tried to his. Works: Jesus praised the Christians of Corinth as Paul wrote to them, “ it is not revelation 2 commentary time! Her sin shall be for ever cost of our ancestors that hath ear... For effect praised the Christians there received her as a center for the Apostle John as ca. In Jeremiah 6:3, of James ’ assailants reportedly have been herself a priestess and of. Resolute, got up and deceive many matter what church you attend it! Were unfaithful to the church from Ephesus and remove it elsewhere to him I will you. Sword in Revelation 2 commentary revelation 2 commentary Revelation 1-4 a Testimony of Jesus Christ using deception in... But two oldest manuscripts and most of revelation 2 commentary Lord ’ s servants and tortured him until he them. 14, 2020 author Steve Sewell us, even if there isn ’ t necessarily large. Had planted 27 churches. refuseing them will have impact how our site functions smallest least. Vulgate, and the name, and follow others into sin faithfulness manifested laid up in the garden but. Find out more Greek Martus never means a martyr in revelation 2 commentary domain so you can not bear who! God of healing and knowledge culture of the holy Spirit in her heart, '' is to. Judgment before the children of Israel. Spirit in her heart, calling her to repentance 23:47. 2:2 it is likely the Spirit says to the churches. evidently made the ground of consolation have no that!