Answer: The Holy Spirit is known by many names and titles, most of which denote some function or aspect of His ministry. Hebrews 10:29. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. . Some writers extend this term to all the supernatural virtues, or rather to the acts of all these virtues, inasmuch as they are the results of the mysterious workings of the Holy Ghost in our souls by means of His grace. The Holy Spirit is also the one who washes away original sin in baptism and who makes Christ present in the Eucharist—all of which unite us, in Christ, to God the Father. Anointing with oil is synonymous with the Holy Spirit. The sins against the Holy Ghost are said to be unpardonable, but the meaning of this assertion will vary very much according to which of the three explanations given above is accepted. and in 6:19: "Or know you not, that your members are the temple of the Holy Ghost, who is in you . She previously served as editor for Catechist and at Catholic Digest, print editions. (CCC, 699). Yet these symbols aren’t things that Church folks dreamed up — it’s been the way God has revealed himself since the beginning. There had been brought to Christ "one possessed with a devil, blind and dumb: and he healed him, so that he spoke and saw". V. Send forth your Spirit, and they shall be created. … Even more pointedly, it is by the Apostles’ imposition of hands that the Holy Spirit is given [see Acts 8:17–19; 13:3; 19:6]. However, exegetes are not all agreed as to the number of the charismata, or the nature of each one of them; long ago, St. Chrysostom and St. Augustine had pointed out the obscurity of the question. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. In what does it consist? Through the Holy Spirit, the Virgin conceives and gives birth to the Son of God. Among these, history mentions the following: The first statement is directly opposed to Monarchianism and to Socinianism; the second to Subordinationism, to the different forms of Arianism, and to Macedonianism in particular. Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them" (John 20:22-23); "But you are washed, but you are sanctified, but you are justified in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Spirit of our God" (1 Corinthians 6:11); "The charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us" (Romans 5:5). Lots of great Catholic links too. Other writers look upon the gifts as perfections of a higher order than the virtues; the latter, they say, dispose us to follow the impulse and guidance of reason; the former are functionally intended to render the will obedient and docile to the inspirations of the Holy Ghost. Lastly, a council held at Seleucia in 410 proclaims its faith "in the Holy Living Spirit, the Holy Living Paraclete, Who proceeds from the Father and the Son" (Lamy, "Concilium Seleuciæ", Louvain, 1868). ? S., n. 19, in P.G., XXVI, 1212), and concluded: "We say that the Son of God is also the source of the Spirit.". Holy Spirit Do not cast me from your presence or take your HOLY SPIRIT from me (Psalm 51:11). Transcription. The Spirit of God and Holy Spirit and Their Many Forms It is my decision to begin this study with the Father of Spirits, which is Jesus. While the crowd is wondering, and asking: "Is not this the Son of David? . But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to … On four occasions, Jesus also calls the Holy Spirit "Paraclete" (Jn 14:16-26, 15:26, 16:7), meaning "advocate" and "consoler." Unchanging and immutable Trinity. So, to sin against the Holy Ghost is to confound Him with the spirit of evil, it is to deny, from pure malice, the Divine character of works manifestly Divine. A Baptism ceremony. What, indeed, does this breathing signify, but that the Spirit proceeds also from Him?" OTHER NAMES OF THE HOLY SPIRIT 1. If He did not proceed from Him, Jesus, when He appeared to His disciples after His Resurrection, would not have breathed on them, saying: 'Receive ye the Holy Ghost'. The fruits of the Holy Ghost are not habits, permanent qualities, but acts. (See TRINITY.) Cf. In the second and third centuries, the dynamic or modalistic. While corroborating and explaining the testimony of Scripture, Tradition brings more clearly before us the various stages of the evolution of this doctrine. The most common attacks on Catholic belief concerning the Holy Spirit generally come from quasi-Christian sects such as the Iglesia Ni Cristo , Jehovah’s Witnesses, and others who deny the central mystery of the Christian faith—the Trinity. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. "He shall not speak of Himself", says St. Augustine (Tractate 99 on the Gospel of John, no. This doctrine was defined in the following words by the Second Ecumenical Council of Lyons [Denzinger, "Enchiridion" (1908), n. 460]: "We confess that the Holy Ghost proceeds eternally from the Father and the Son, not as from two principles, but as from one principle, not by two spirations, but by one single spiration." Long before their time St. He who, from pure and deliberate malice, refuses to recognize the manifest work of God, or rejects the necessary means of salvation, acts exactly like a sick man who not only refuses all medicine and all food, but who does all in his power to increase his illness, and whose malady becomes incurable, due to his own action. Many other texts declare quite as clearly that the Holy Ghost is a Person, a Person distinct from the Father and the Son, and yet One God with Them. Matt. With this sin of pure downright malice, Jesus contrasts the sin "against the Son of man", that is the sin committed against Himself as man, the wrong done to His humanity in judging Him by His humble and lowly appearance. By this term is meant attributing especially to one Divine Person perfections and exterior works which seem to us more clearly or more immediately to be connected with Him, when we consider His personal characteristics, but which in reality are common to the Three Persons. It will suffice here to remark that by this word we mean the relation of origin that exists between one Divine Person and another, or between one and the two others as its principle of origin. In 58.2 (Funk, ibid., 172), the author makes this solemn affirmation; zo gar ho theos, kai zo ho kyrios Iesous Christos kai to pneuma to hagion, he te pistis kai he elpis ton eklekton, oti . The Holy Spirit as a dove in the Heavenly Trinity joined to the Earthly Trinity through the Incarnation of the Son, by Murillo, c. The Holy Spirit “intercedes for us” insofar as the Holy Spirit acts on us, transforming us into a member of Christ Himself, so as to present us to the Father in Heaven. The same doctrine is declared, in the second and third centuries, by the lips of the martyrs, and is found in the writings of the Fathers. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. Christianity is a religion that has been the most popular and most common form of worship, and what is this Holy Spirit. Eternal Spirit Heb 9:14 6. Was this creed, with these particular words, approved by the council of 381? (CCC, 695). This truth is, at the very least insinuated in the passage of John 16:15 (cited above), where Christ establishes a necessary connection between His own sharing in all the Father has and the Procession of the Holy Ghost. . Some writers think they are not really distinct from them, that they are the virtues inasmuch as the latter are free gifts of God, and that they are identified essentially with grace, charity, and the virtues. Spirit of Grace : Zec 12:10, Heb 10:29 3. 4. The Lord also called the Holy Spirit "the Spirit of truth." The Holy Spirit, as His name indicates, is Holy in virtue of His origin, His spiration; He comes therefore from a holy principle; now holiness resides in the will, as wisdom is in the intellect. In the form of tongues “as of fire,” the Holy Spirit rests on the disciples on the morning of Pentecost and fills them with himself  [Acts 2:3–4]. See more ideas about holy spirit, spirit, pentecost. Having descended on them at Pentecost, He will guide them in their work (Acts 8:29), for He will inspire the new prophets (Acts 11:28; 13:9), as He inspired the Prophets of the Old Law (Acts 7:51). Thus Tertullian (Against Praxeas 4): "Spiritum non aliunde puto quam a Patre per Filium"; and St. Hilary (On the Holy Trinity XII.57), addressing himself to the Father, protests that he wishes to adore, with Him and the Son "Thy Holy Spirit, Who comes from Thee through thy only Son". We read in John 14:16-17: "And I will ask the Father, and he shall give you another Paraclete, that he may abide with, you for ever. Although I know that I received the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit and know their names, I do not really know what they are. ", Verona edition, p. 65): "I confess that Christ is God with the Father and the Holy Ghost, and it is fitting that I should give back my soul to Him Who is my Creator and my Redeemer. ", But we must come down towards the year 360 to find the doctrine on the Holy Ghost explained both fully and clearly. 6-7. — Cf. Towards the middle of the fourth century, Sometimes, and in its most literal signification, it has been taken to mean the uttering of an insult against the Divine Spirit, applying the appellation either to the Holy Ghost or to all three Divine. Formerly that was the common opinion, and even in recent times it has been held by authorities like Hefele, Hergenröther, and Funk; other historians, amongst whom are Harnack and Duchesne, are of the contrary opinion; but all agree in admitting that the creed of which we are speaking was received and approved by the Council of Chalcedon, in 451, and that, at least from that time, it became the official formula of Catholic orthodoxy. . He shall glorify me; because he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it to you. vi, in P.G., LXXV, 1011). . And as he dwells in our bodies sanctifies them (1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19), so will and them he raise them again, one day, from the dead (Romans 8:11). . Batiffol, "L'Église naissante et le catholicisme" (Paris, 1909), 36. Nihil Obstat. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. Likewise you hear the Apostle declare: 'God hath sent the Spirit of His Son into your hearts. The Filioque was successively introduced into the Symbol of the Council of Toledo in 447, then, in pursuance of an order of another synod held in the same place (589), it was inserted in the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed. St. Cyril of Alexandria remarks that the words: "He shall receive of mine" signify "the nature" which the Holy Ghost has from the Son, as the Son has His from the Father (De Trinit., dialog. The Holy Spirit—one of the persons of the Trinity, referred to as “God” in Acts 5:3-4—has many other names and titles.Most of them indicate an aspect of His function in, or ministry through, the Christian’s life. In 46.6 (Funk, "Patres apostolici", 2nd ed., I,158), we read that "we have only one God, one Christ, one only Spirit of grace within us, one same vocation in Christ". 1 Peter 4:14. Christians are anointed, too, in Confirmation. St. Hippolytus, though he does not speak at all clearly of the Holy Ghost regarded as a distinct person, supposes him, however, to be God, as well as the Father and the Son (Against Noetus 8, 12). St. Paul ends his Second Epistle to the Corinthians (13:13) with this formula of benediction, which might be called a blessing of the Trinity: "The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the charity of God, and the communication of the Holy Ghost be with you all." ; and for the latter, see St. Thomas, I-II.68.1, and Froget, "De l'habitation du Saint-Esprit dans les âmes justes" (Paris, 1900), 378 sq. Gives us important teaching about the Trinity is not this the Son proceeds from the and. Good summary of opinions in II-II.14 he derives His knowledge from him? shew it to you.: 12:10. Love and Charity being of different nature of man 's ignorance and misunderstanding comparatively, the Holy Ghost be to. Of avoiding a multiplication of the Creator and the Son is an editor at Bayard, serving... 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