The Romanesque campanile is over the lower end of the right hand aisle, and the external chambers itemized above (except the far ancillary rooms) are under a pitched and tiled roof which also covers the right hand aisle. He was responsible for "de-baroquing" several ancient churches, but was not able to get his hands on this one. Alleged relics of Popes Urban I and Lucius I were also enshrined here. The early excavators labelled this the domus, but it looks more like a utilitarian building such as a warehouse or horrea. To see the fresco, you must ring the doorbell to the left of the church's entrance. The original crypt was a small semi-circular room which was most likely dug as a confessio when the 9th century church was built. (In English.). Problems with the archaeological evidence. Because the church has no presbyterium or transept, the final bay has been sequestered for the sanctuary. ... Porta Portese Market, Trastevere, St Cecilia & Jewish Ghetto Guided Tour in Rome. This gives you a chance to see the baptistery, and to have the excavated remains explained. The interior of the coffin he had lined with silk fabric. In front of the church is a beautiful courtyard. The nuns have regularized the access to the underground areas. "Sacred Destinations" web-page with gallery, Youtube video: Serata con Cecilia (there are several short videos of the church on Youtube. Address: The campaign lasted from 1712 to 1728, and the supervising architects were Domenico Paradesi and Luigi Berrettoni. His predecessors include: are Pope Stephen III, Pope Martin IV (1261-1281), Adam Easton (1383),[2] Pope Innocent VIII (1474-1484), Thomas Wolsey (1515), Pope Gregory XIV (1585-1590), Michele Mazzarino (1647), Giuseppe Doria Pamphili (1785), Mariano Rampolla (1887-1913), and Carlo Maria Martini (d. 2012). The basilica was provided with a colonnaded atrium, which has gone, and in the centre of this was a placed a large ancient stone two-handled vase known as a cantharus (from the Greek κανθαρος). Cardinal Rampolla wished to restore the church to its presumed mediaeval appearance, but could do little apart from having the crypt built. Perhaps the main attraction is Pietro Cavallini's Last Judgment fresco, often cited as the masterpiece of the artist who, with Giotto, was a prominent Late Gothic artist and a forerunner of the early Renaissance. The present structure, whose interior was completely remodeled in the Baroque style, was built during the Carolingian period under Pope Paschal I (817-24). In the spandrels are two prophets holding scrolls, four evangelists with their symbols and two wise virgins with lit lamps. He did so, was baptized, and was hence martyred together with his brother Tiburtius and a soldier involved in their detention called Maximus whom they converted. The artist responsible for the altarpiece is unknown, although it is in the style of the Cavalier d'Arpino. It is clear from the witness statements that the body was incorrupt. The Catholic Church now concurs with the opinion of historians that the legend or Acta of St Cecila and her three companions is a fictional romance of the early 5th century, and has edited liturgical texts accordingly. At first glance, the main nave may disappoint. English name: This dates from the first half of the fifth century. Details. Over the central portal is an alpha-omega monogram with a cross. It is striking, because it precedes by decades the similar high-Baroque sculptures by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (for example, his Blessed Ludovica Albertoni) and Melchiorre Cafà (Santa Rosa de Lima). At either end of the composition is a date-palm, with the left hand one having a phoenix sitting in it as a symbol of the Resurrection. The tympanum of the pediment had a smaller oculus, matching one still to be found at the other end of the church. The latter is intact, but of the former only a damaged work by Pietro Cavallini survives on the counterfaçade wall (this is part of a separate room over the entrance vestibule). A depiction of it is here: [3]. Before the 18th century restoration, the mosaic was larger and also occupied the upper part of the apse wall. Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Trastevere; Luigi Cardinal Caetani † (1622) Cardinal-Priest of Santa Pudenziana; Ludovico Cardinal Ludovisi † (1621) Archbishop of Bologna; Archbishop Galeazzo Sanvitale † (1604) Archbishop Emeritus of Bari (-Canosa) Girolamo Cardinal Bernerio, O.P. This chapel is private. The problem that this restoration addressed was that the weight of the 18th century ceiling vault was proving too much for the ancient columns of the arcade. Santa Cecilia in Trastevere Piazza Santa Cecilia, 2, Rome, Italy 06-5899289. Popular points of interest near the accommodation include Pantheon, Palazzo Venezia and Piazza Venezia. Today we are on-location in Trastevere. The intricate early Baroque funerary monument at the right hand end of the loggia is worth more than a glance. The Romanesque brick campanile was erected in 1140, and is typical of the period. The vault is decorated with a representation of SS Cecilia, Valerian, Stephen, Urban and Laurence, surrounded by vistas and with depictions of hermit saints. It is especially nice in the spring, when the flowers are in bloom, and the roses are impressive in season. The mediaeval convent buildings on each side that replaced it are picturesque, but of little architectural interest. Basilica . This surprisingly early date was supported by the famous historian and archaeologist Giovanni Battista de Rossi, who also claimed to have pinpointed the original place of burial in the Catacombs of Callistus. The architect is thought to have been Fuga, although there seems to be doubt about this. The dedication is to St Cecilia, by tradition a 3rd-century Roman martyr. In the 17th century the nuns excavated a burial crypt for themselves, which was the start of the exploration of the ancient remains under the church. The lushness of the neo-Baroque design is unusual for the date. The times have been fluctuating slightly and -as usual in Italy- if nobody turns up the custodian is liable to go off early. It is oriented west, in accordance with Roman tradition. 22 Piazza di Santa Cecilia The decoration is neo-Byzantine in style, and luminously colourful in contrast with the dusty ancient remains surrounding the crypt. Santa Cecilia in Trastevere is a 5th-century church in Rome, Italy, in the Trastevere rione, devoted to the Roman martyr Saint Cecilia. The whole project was executed between 1291 and 1293, and seems to have resulted in a fresco cycle featuring scenes from the Old and New Testaments. Under the Chapel of the Relics are the remains of a large room with an apse and a mosaic floor; this room was restored in the 3rd century. As a titulus the cardinalate here is ancient, but the first named cardinal priest actually on record is Simon de Brion in 1261, who went on to become Pope Martin IV. The church has a façade built in 1725 by Ferdinando Fuga, which incloses a courtyard decorated with ancient mosaics, columns and a cantharus (water vessel). The architect was Giovanni Battista Giovenale, who executed the project between 1899 and 1901 as a place to re-enshrine the sarcophagi holding the relics of SS Cecilia, Valerian, Tibertius and Maximus. As you go through the archway into the courtyard, you pass an ancient Roman cippus on your right, commemorating Pomerius Urbanus and dating to the year 75. A marble slab in the pavement in front of the case, quotes Maderno's sworn statement that he has recorded the body as he saw it when the tomb was opened in 1599. These frescoes are thought to have been by Fabrizio Parmigiano and Marzio Ganassini. The Greek menologies (i.e. SS Jerome and Sebastian are on the left, and SS George and Catherine of Alexandria are on the right. By means of this abundant grace, we enjoy a diverse and close-knit parish family—young, old, rich, poor, of various ethnic origins and differing backgrounds. The original entrance was on the Via Anicia, and an entrance staircase survives with a guard-chamber. The access is now at the bottom end of the left hand aisle. In between is a row of large grated apertures in the form of Baroque cartouches (some long, some almost circular), and these give light to galleries leading from the convent buildings to the nuns' choir over the entrance. Natalie Natalie is a food and travel writer who has been living in Rome full time since 2010. The nave is frescoed with the Apotheosis of Santa Cecilia (1727) by Sebastiano Conca. Architect(s): Gangemi, 1999. Paschal I appears in the mosaic in the apse; his halo is square to show that he was still alive when the mosaic was made. The Santa Cecilia In Trastevere Address: Piazza di Santa Cecilia, 22, 00153 Roma, Italy, Rome ; Santa Cecilia In Trastevere Contact Number: +39-0645492739 ; Santa Cecilia In Trastevere Timing: 09:15 am - 06:00 pm ; Best time to visit Santa Cecilia In Trastevere(preferred time): 10:00 am - 12:00 pm The crypt is decorated in cosmatesque style, and contains the relics of St. Cecilia and her husband St. Valerian. The saint is shown being martyred with bare breasts, a reminder of the horrible legend that she had them cut off the day beforehand -only to have St Peter put them back miraculously in the night. During the work remains of Roman edifices dating from the Republican and Imperial period were found, but some of the remains were then cleared for an expansion of the little semi-circular 9th century crypt or confessio. Between these apertures are crossed palms and lilies in stucco. The floor is raised, and hence is bounded by a low wall in polychrome marble work. Also, galleries above the arcades were enclosed to form passages to a choir above the entrance; these features were for the use of the nuns. If you'd like to find things to see and do in the area, you might want to stop in and see Circus Maximus and Roman Forum. [5], Media related to Santa Cecilia in Trastevere at Wikimedia Commons, Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}41°53′15.2″N 12°28′33.21″E / 41.887556°N 12.4758917°E / 41.887556; 12.4758917, Façade of Santa Cecilia, a 1725 project by, Beneath, in the remains of Roman construction, are cylindrical well-like granaries in, Chris Nyborg, "Santa Cecilia in Trastevere", Roman Catholic ecclesiastical province of Rome, Boncompagni Ludovisi Decorative Art Museum, Museo Storico Nazionale dell'Arte Sanitaria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Santa_Cecilia_in_Trastevere&oldid=994759437, Roman Catholic churches completed in 1725, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Articles with Latin-language sources (la), Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz place identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 11:28. St Agatha, the other patron of the monastery. The first storey has a row of three shallow recesses in the form of arches, and this is a common design feature of these campanili. However, there was no persecution of the Church at Rome in his reign, since the emperor Alexander Severus had a policy of tolerance. Valerio was murdered for his pains, and Cecilia was arrested while she tried to bury him. These two structures were converted in the early part of the 2nd century AD into what was called the insula by excavators, but which was apparently a fairly high status family home. 1291 Mosaic Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere, Rome The scroll in the woman's hand () links her to the bride in the Song of Solomon.It reads Leva eius sub capite meo et dextera illius amplesabitur me, "His left hand is under my head, and his right hand shall embrace me" (2:6, 8:3).Christian writers interpret the bride as Ecclesia, the Church: see my page on Ecclesia. The first doorway off the right-hand nave mentioned above leads into a blind corridor, on the walls of which are paintings of penitent saints in landscapes by Paul Brill; this Flemish artist specialized in landscapes. There is a marble copy on the wall here of the account by Pope Paschal of the finding of the body of St Cecilia. St Cecilia The present layout of the sanctuary was overseen by Giacomo della Porta in 1600. Santa Cecilia in Trastevere is one of the oldest titular churches in Rome. Roman Catholic However the baptistery of this church was found during the archaeological excavations, situated underneath the present Chapel of Relics. These bronze pomegranates can be found elsewhere in the church. Above each window is a scallop shell and curlicue motif. If he is to be believed, it raises an interesting question as to how the body was handled. Whether you're searching for hotels in Santa Cecilia in Trastevere on business, or hunting for a family getaway, Santa Cecilia in Trastevere hotel options are only a click away. Among the artifacts remaining from the 13th century edifice are a mural painting depicting the Last Judgment (1289–93) by Pietro Cavallini in the choir of the nuns, and the ciborium (1293) in the presbytery by Arnolfo di Cambio. This is an emblem of martyrdom. To make up for the relative lack of side chapels, the aisles of this church contain several altars. Archaeologists now wish that this crypt was not constructed, because of the damage done to the context. The ancient church of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere was built by Pope Paschal I (r. 817-24) to house the remains of St Cecilia and her husband St Valerius, which were transferred to the church from the catacombs of San Callisto in 820. Nuove Edizione Romana, 2001. The reference to Urban the bishop could easily be taken to refer to Pope St Urban I (222-230), and there is a traditional association with him and the area of the Appian Way around the third milestone (see Sant'Urbano all Caffarella). The fourth and fifth storeys contain the bells, and both have an arcade of three arches on each face separated by limestone columns with block capitals. The central portal is arched, with a molded archivolt and a strap finial on the keystone. Sanctae Caeciliae It is still claimed that the 2nd century AD house under the present church could have been the actual home of St Cecilia converted into a titulus, but there are serious problems with this. The 1st church was built in the 3rd century by Pope Urban 1, supposedly on the site of the martyred saint’s house. The altar frontal is Cosmatesque in style. In 1900, in the same restoration, the damaged fresco by Cavallino was discovered behind wooden panelling in the nuns' choir over the entrance vestibule. Other slabs with epigraphs are ancient, and were found in the excavations. The columns and pilasters support an entablature with a rather idiotically boastful inscription on the frieze. The Catholic Church no longer considers that this is automatically a sign of sanctity, after numerous cases reported in the forensic science literature of incorrupt bodies. In that year, the yard was converted into a garden with the cantharus as the centrepiece of a pool surrounded by low formal box hedging. However, if the entry in the Martyrologium Hieronymianum can be dated to the early 5th century (not a foregone conclusion), then that is the earliest evidence. In a nearby room there is a domestic pagan shrine consisting of a niche with a tufa relief of Minerva in front of an altar. It is feasible that the basilica built by Pope Paschal was not on the site of the older church, but that the latter awaits discovery nearby -perhaps adjacent to the baptistery on the other side. 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