In 1743 Pope Benedict XIV commissioned Ferdinando Fuga the erection of a sort of apse with the objective of displaying there copies of the IXth century mosaics which once decorated the banqueting hall (Triclinium) of Leo III in the old Lateran Palace. Charlemagne equestrian statue, photo by Charles Marville, 19th century / State Library of Victoria. The façade had three windows and was embellished with a mosaic representing Christ as the Savior of the world. The main mosaic shows Christ sending forth the Apostles to preach the Gospel. Aachen Cathedral was erected on the orders of Charlemagne in AD 796 and was, on completion, in 798, the largest cathedral north of the Alps. This fits the image of the Carolingian Renaissance as a revival of the Roman empire with Aachen as central capital. A mosaic is a pattern or image made of small regular or irregular pieces of colored stone, glass or ceramic, held in place by plaster/mortar, and covering a surface. Start studying AP World Chapter 9 + Human Record. St. Peter presents Leo III with the stole and Charlemagne with the flag as a sign of spiritual and secular rule, mosaic painting in the old Lateran Palace in Rome / Der heilige Petrus überreicht Leo III. The niche is decorated with mosaics depicting Christ and the Apostles in the centre, Christ with St Sylvester and Constantine on the left and St Peter with Pope Leo III and Charlemagne on the right. Figure 8.1 Rome, Lateran Palace, Pope Benedict XIV’ s restoration (1743) of the mosaic of 799–800 decorating the main apse in Pope Leo III’ s triclinium or banquet hall (Photo: author) Lateran fires ... and on the right Saint Peter gives the Papal stole to Pope Leo III and the standard to Charlemagne. ... Mosaic of Pope Leo III / Lateran Palace, Rome. The Lateran Palace has also been the site of five ecumenical councils (see Lateran Councils). origins of Charlemagne's palace chapel. This mosaic from the papal dining hall in the Lateran, which is known as the Triclinium, depicts St. Peter bestowing a stole of divine authority on Pope Leo III (left) and a banner of God’s protection on Charlemagne (right). Contemporary sources describe his palace as the "Lateran," which in the Carolingian period was known as the imperial palace of Constantine the Great given by him to the Christian Church.9 The palace chapel itself recalls the Chrysotriclinos or Golden Triclinium in the Sacred Palace of Constantino- The palace complex in Aachen and the adjoining Palatine Chapel (begun c. 792) are often read as part of Charlemagne’s ambition to turn Aachen into a ‘second Rome’, which is supported by the Paderborn Epic (c. 802). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 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