1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant a of the church in Cenchrea. For such people are not serving our Lord Christ, but their own appetites. For your obedience--that is, tractableness is come abroad unto all. This the apostle calls here a mystery hitherto undisclosed, in what sense Romans 16:27 will show, but now fully unfolded; and his prayer for the Roman Christians, in the form of a doxology to Him who was able to do what he asked, is that they might be established in the truth of the Gospel, not only in its essential character, but specially in that feature of it which gave themselves, as Gentile believers, their whole standing among the people of God. 24. Salute one another with an holy kiss--So 1 Corinthians 16:20 , 1 Thessalonians 5:26 , 1 Peter 5:14 . The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. (3) Christians should cheer their own and each other's hearts, amidst the toils and trials of their protracted warfare, with the assurance that it will have a speedy and glorious end; they should accustom themselves to regard all opposition to the progress and prosperity of Christ's cause--whether in their own souls, in the churches with which they are connected, or in the world at large--as just "Satan" in conflict, as ever, with Christ their Lord; and they should never allow themselves to doubt that "the God of peace" will "shortly" give them the neck of their Enemy, and make them to bruise the Serpent's head ( Romans 16:20 ). For she has been a … 16 I commend. One such difficulty worth discussing here involves the question of to whom the passage is directed. What day should the Sabbath be? On this concluding section of the Epistle, Note, (1) In the minute and delicate manifestations of Christian feeling, and lively interest in the smallest movements of Christian life, love, and zeal, which are here exemplified, combined with the grasp of thought and elevation of soul which this whole Epistle displays, as indeed all the writings of our apostle, we have the secret of much of that grandeur of character which has made the name of Paul stand on an elevation of its own in the estimation of enlightened Christendom in every age, and of that influence which under God, beyond all the other apostles, he has already exercised, and is yet destined to exert, over the religious thinking and feeling of men. Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, those women who work hard in the Lord. Romans 14 Bible Study. I, Tertius, who wrote this--"the" epistle--as the apostle's amanuensis, or penman. "From his occupation as tent-maker, he had probably better accommodations for the meetings of the church than most other Christians" [HODGE]. 19. according to the revelation of the which was kept secret since the world began--literally, "which hath been kept in silence during eternal ages.". His Christian hospitality appears to have been something uncommon. Gaius mine host, and--the host of the whole church--(See Acts 20:4 ). New International Version (NIV) and avoid them--The fomentors of "divisions" here referred to are probably those who were unfriendly to the truths taught in this epistle, while those who caused "offenses" were probably those referred to in Romans 14:15 as haughtily disregarding the prejudices of the weak. Indeed, from the relation in which the sexes then stood to each other, something of this sort would seem to have been a necessity. One wonders at the number of them, considering that the writer had never been at Rome. Please receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints and help her in anything you can for she has also greatly... Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus. For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ--"our Lord Christ" appears to be the true reading. Paul wants to have a word with this “moral person” before he moves on to speak to the Jew… (4) As Christians are held up and carried through solely by divine power, working through the glorious Gospel, so to that power, and to the wisdom that brought that Gospel nigh to them, they should ascribe all the glory of their stability now, as they certainly will of their victory at last ( Romans 16:25-27 ). Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica. 14:1–15:13) Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labour in the Lord--two active women. 27. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. Greet my dear friend Epenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in the province of Asia. Some have argued that the principal referent for the passage is the moral Gentile who has not sinned like other Gentiles in the ways Paul has outlined in 1:18-32. Issues such as should Christians eat pork? 18. That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business … But this Tertius would have the Romans to know that, far from being a mere scribe, his heart went out to them in Christian affection; and the apostle, by giving his salutation a place here, would show what sort of assistants he employed. So will their Christian character acquire solidity and elevation, and their influence for good be proportionably extended. This perhaps hardly means that each of the five in both pairs had "a church at his house," else probably this would have been more expressly said. 3:20; Jude 24). . which are of note among the apostles--Those who think the word "apostle" is used in a lax sense, in the Acts and Epistles, take this to mean "noted apostles" [CHRYSOSTOM, LUTHER, CALVIN, BENGEL, OLSHAUSEN, THOLUCK, ALFORD, JOWETT]; others, who are not clear that the word "apostle" is applied to any without the circle of the Twelve, save where the connection or some qualifying words show that the literal meaning of "one sent" is the thing intended, understand by the expression used here, "persons esteemed by the apostles" [BEZA, GROTIUS, DE WETTE, MEYER, FRITZSCHE, STUART, PHILIPPI, HODGE]. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a … No other book has been as foundational to Christian faith as the book of Romans. Its adoption into the Christian churches, as the symbol of a higher fellowship than it had ever expressed before, was probably as immediate as it was natural. This latter statement about Andronicus and Junia seems to throw some light on the preceding one. As in Romans 16:17 to 20 inclusive, he reproved the Gentiles who caused divisions; so in these verses his special object is to put an end to the objections of the Jews. Greet those who belong to the household of Aristobulus. Greet my dear friend Persis, another woman who has worked very hard in the Lord. 2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. Our apostle would seem to have been kept minutely informed as to the state of the church at Rome, both as to its membership and its varied activities, probably by Priscilla and Aquila. Bible Study. Let the apostle's counsel on this head ( Romans 16:19) be taken as a study, especially by young Christians, whose character has yet to be formed, and whose permanent sphere in life is but partially fixed; and let them prayerfully set themselves to the combined exercise of both those qualities. my kinsmen--or, "relatives." Amplias--a contracted form of "Ampliatus." 13. but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple--"harmless," as in Matthew 10:16 , from which the warning is taken. Andronicus and Junia--or, as it might be, "Junias," a contracted form of "Junianus"; in this case, it is a man's name. But as Rome was then the center of the civilized world, to and from which journeys were continually taken to the remotest parts, there is no great difficulty in supposing that so active a travelling missionary as Paul would, in course of time, make the acquaintance of a considerable number of the Christians then residing at Rome. Timotheus, my work-fellow--"my fellow labourer"; see Acts 16:1-5 . and my fellow prisoners--on what occasion, it is impossible to say, as the apostle elsewhere tells us that he was "in prisons more frequent" ( 2 Corinthians 11:23 ). She is a servant of the church in Cenchrea. To us it seems altogether likely that the conversion of Simon the Cyrenian dated from that memorable day when "passing [casually] by, as he came from the country" ( Mark 15:21 ), "they compelled him to bear the" Saviour's cross. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. (See Acts 19:22 , 2 Timothy 4:20 ). Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me. to stablish--confirm, or uphold you, according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ--that is, in conformity with the truths of that Gospel which I preach, and not I only, but all to whom has been committed "the preaching of Jesus Christ." It afterwards came to have a fixed place in the church service, immediately after the celebration of the Supper, and continued long in use. What comes after this, where one would have expected the epistle to close, has its parallel in Philippians 4:20 , &c., and being in fact common in epistolary writings, is simply a mark of genuineness. Amen. So early at least as the reign of Trajan, we learn from PLINY'S celebrated letter to that emperor--A.D. 110, or 111--that they existed in the Eastern churches. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Greet Mary, who worked very hard for you. The Church Is Made Up of Ordinary, Diverse People Who Are “In The Lord.” Commentary on Romans 16:17-20 (Read Romans 16:17-20) How earnest, how endearing are these exhortations! Greet Herodion, my fellow Jew. Useful Bible Studies > Romans Commentary > Study Guide. 2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. 2 Welcome her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her with anything she may need from you. Please visit www.usefulbible.com to find our articles on each verse of the book. assist her in whatsoever business she hath--"may have" need of you--some private business of her own. Romans 16 - NIV: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. but their own belly--not in the grosset sense, but as "living for low ends of their own" (compare Philippians 3:19 ). English Annotations on the Holy Bible down this letter as Paul dictated,... Before me -- the unwary, the state of society and the whole church enjoy. 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