British colonists consolidated the Tamil territory in southern India into the Madras Presidency, which was integrated into British India. Jump to navigation Jump to search. After anti-Tamil pogroms in 1956, 1958 and 1977 and a brutal crackdown against Tamils protesting against these acts, guerrilla groups like the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam were established[by whom?]. The English sailor Robert Knox described walking into the island's Tamil country in the publication An Historical Relation of the Island Ceylon, annotating some kingdoms within it on a map in 1681. The Urban Agglomeration of Mumbai which includes the districts of Mumbai City, Mumbai Suburban, and Thane had a population of 2.35 crore at the time the 2011 Census was carried out. 'Kalabhraas were denounced as 'evil kings' (, 'Everywhere within Beloved-of-the-Gods, King Piyadasi's domain, and among the people beyond the borders, the Cholas, the Pandyas, the, (Source- K.A. [116] The war led to the flight of over 800,000 Sri Lankan Tamil refugees, many going to the UK and India. Although the Pallava records can be traced from the 2nd century CE, they did not rise to prominence as an imperial dynasty until the 6th century. [38] Early iconography of Seyyon[135] and Sivan[136][137][138] and their association with native flora and fauna goes back to the Indus Valley Civilization. [54][55] The poems of Sangam literature, which deal with emotional and material topics, were categorised and collected into various anthologies during the medieval period. Chola bronzes, especially the Nataraja sculptures of the Chola period, have become notable symbols of Hinduism. They aimed to set up an independent Tamil state, Tamil Eelam, for majority-Tamil regions in Sri Lanka. As recorded by Strabo, Emperor Augustus of Rome received at Antioch an ambassador from a king called Pandyan of Dramira. With Chennai's Marina Beach as the nerve-centre, protests are going across the country and pockets with Tamil population in the world against the ban. [29], The Tamils are a Dravidian ethno-linguistic group and largely descend from ancient populations of the Indus Valley civilization with some further genetic contribution from the local hunter gatherers of peninsula India. "The Nature of Tamil Devotion." For this comparison, we have used factors such as GDP, Area, Population, Room rent, HDI, Literacy rate etc The people of Tamil Nadu play traditional sports and sports from other countries. [97] In 1215, following Pandya invasions, the Tamil-dominant Aryacakaravarthi dynasty established the Jaffna Kingdom[98] on the Jaffna peninsula and in parts of northern Sri Lanka. [176] A remarkable feature, besides their willingness to sacrifice, is that they were well organized and disciplined. Historical Dictionary of the Tamils, Vijaya Ramaswamy, Scarecrow Press, 22 May 2007. [178] Another sign of its reputation is seen in a Persian phrase – to give an "Indian answer", meaning "a cut with an Indian sword". The post-independence period and the Civil War, வாண்புகழ் மூவர். Most Tamils in India live in the state of Tamil Nadu. The Hoysalas, under Vira Someswara, were quick to intervene and this time they sided with the Pandyas and repulsed the Cholas in order to counter the latter's revival. Puducherry is a subnational enclave situated within Tamil Nadu. MUMBAI: Maharashtra is among the five most expensive states if one is to study MBBS at a government medical college. Ventar were the chieftains of the three major lineages, viz Cera, Cola and Pandya. [22] Tamil visual art is dominated by stylised Temple architecture in major centres and the productions of images of deities in stone and bronze. ", Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, "Tabulations Plan of Census Year - 1991: Social & Cultural Tables - C-7 : Mother Tongue - C-7 Part A (i): Distribution of the 18 Scheduled Languages", "Tabulations Plan of Census Year - 1991: Primary Census Abstract - Primary Census Abstract Total : Primary Census Abstract Total", "Census Data Online - 2001: Data on Language - Part A: Distribution of the 22 Scheduled Languages – India, States & Union Territories – 2001 Census", "Census Data Online - 2001: Data on Language - Statement 2: Distribution of population by Scheduled and Other Languages - India, States and Union Territories - 2001", "2011 Census Data: Data on Language and Mother Tongue - Part A : Distribution of the 22 scheduled languages - India/States/Union Territories - 2011 census", "2011 Census Data: Data on Language and Mother Tongue - Statement 2 : Distribution of population by Scheduled and other Languages India, States and Union Territories - 2011",, Lists of states of India by number of speakers of the languages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Five Lesser Epics of Tamil Literature, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 00:20.