You will need a whelping box and run large enough to comfortably home your bitch and up to 12 puppies (depending on the breed). Your dog should be healthy and talented. These are just the basics of what's involved with breeding a dog. Approved. Most breeder contracts require pet-quality dogs to be spayed or neutered. In working dogs, the tendency for a dog to be good at those jobs can be hereditary. This example shows you that you cannot just rely on two great parents (whatever that means) in order to just pump out puppies and be successful. Learn about topics such as How to Determine the Sex of Puppies, How to Encourage Dogs to Mate Naturally, How to Know if Your Female Dog Is Ready to Breed, and more with our helpful step-by-step instructions with photos and videos. Do I need to incorporate a breeding business. You will spend time taking your dog to the stud, which can be several hours away. Hi Shawn, for the colors it’s a matter of genetics: is a good place to start studying. But, how old does a female dog have to be to breed? Dogs Need Grooming. But your efforts have to be laser focused on your particular breed: The last point is where dog breeding comes to play because in order to improve a breed, you must select a mother and a father carefully so they fit your ideal model, and then allow canine genetics to do their work. You want to be sure your dog does not have these health issues as you do not want them passed on to his litter when he does breed with a female dog. When can I breed my bitch for the first time? If you meet the licensing criteria (see question 2) then you will need a breeding licence. This is a gradual process that the mother will start when she gets fed up with the pups climbing on her for milk. The last point is where dog breeding comes to play because in order to improve a breed, you must select a mother and a father carefully so they fit your ideal model, and then allow canine genetics to do their work. The Orthopedic Foundation of America (OFA) manages a database of dogs and their test results for genetic problems like hip and elbow dysplasia, eye conditions, patellar luxation, and heart problems. This provides her with adequate calories and nutrition for the growing fetuses and helps prepare her for lactation. At about 4 weeks, they will begin to get very active. Your email address will not be published. There are 12 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Roundworms, Hookworms and Heart worms can be passed from the mom dog to the puppies. This article has been viewed 1,146,187 times. If you plan to show is other countries, look for the conformation standards in the area. Create, run and manage your breeder website using reliable tools. If everything seems promising, start tracking the dam’s heat cycle, and … When you breed, your goal is to improve the quality of your pet. As a breeder, you will need to be there with advice and support for all these situations. Make sure that all agreements are written and signed so that there is a contract between all parties involved with the litter. Depending on the size difference, the platform could be anything from an upturned litter box to a coffee table. An advertisement for the sale of a dog must include your licence number, the issuing local authority, a recognisable photograph of the dog being advertised as well as the dog's age. Dog breeding is emotionally hard and it will break your heart repeatedly. These are, at times, hard to handle. I breed with jack Russell terrier short leg canines and would like to know how to breed my colour so I am able to eventually get a black & white puppy? Once the male’s penis is correctly inserted, he will turn around to … Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 1,146,187 times. Dog appearance is one of the basic things that you should consider when you want to breed. This helps keep it cleaner when the bottom becomes soiled. This is not a good idea, as the two dogs are too closely related. Place alternating layers of plastic sheeting and newspapers in the bottom of the box. Do you love dogs? Furthermore, papers ensure that a puppy has been bred morally … Series of unbiased buying guides and reviews for dog breeders. Consider titles such as, You shouldn't breed dogs to sell them as pets. ", "Great site. Consult your vet when considering breeding a dog older than 5 years old. She has worked at the same animal clinic in her hometown for over 20 years. No, they are technically siblings as they carry the exact same genetic information. She may not have as many puppies as she would have had before. Before breeding a male dog, it is important to confirm that dog is in good health because some diseases might be passed on to the litter of puppies. It should be a quiet environment, as the male will sense the female's pheromones and try to mate with her. The age in which to breed a dog, whether female or male, always depends on the breed of the dog. Other topics you should spend time learning about are: Understanding canine genetics and breeding to find the best pairing to further the development of your breed. She has just finished her 2nd cycle. If you are serious about breeding your dog then you have to take her to a dog breeder during this time. You cannot just put your dog with a bitch and expect it to happen- no you need the assistance of an experienced breeder, especially in case of unproven dogs. I want to insist on this because the truth of being a dog breeder is that most puppies you will give birth to won’t be allowed in your breeding program. So yes, breeding dogs is far from being easy and although it can be done seamlessly for a one-off breeder, doing it as a long-term project will require a lot of effort and knowledge. Dr. Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS is a veterinarian with over 30 years of experience in veterinary surgery and companion animal practice. As in humans, interbreeding is dangerous and can cause complications for the puppies. Can I breed my male pitbull with his daughter? You need to be clear on your objective first; and then figure out the path to get there. The question we first need to answer is amongst all the factors in a dog’s genetics and environment, what does factually and scientifically influence a dog’s fertility? Be honest and set up your kennel blog where you will share your adventure, successes and challenges. ", breeding is great, an insight into the world of breeding and the information on hand is a great starting point for anyone. Breeding dogs properly and responsibly takes a lot of time and investment. Either she was low on calcium, which you are not supposed to give a pregnant dog, but you need to for a large litter as you are likely going to need a cesarean anyway, or her system just could not take the pressure, and was shutting down. Most breeders do not breed a dam until she is 2 years old and has had 3 or 4 cycles. My girl is going to be 5 years old and I was wondering if I can still breed her? Dog genetics are both complicated and straightforward at the same time. When you don’t think of yourself as a beginner. We participate in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an advertising and affiliate program providing a way for our company to earn fees by linking to and affiliated sites. See, canine genetics get complicated but we’ve got several sections in our dog breeding guide to explain you genetics from scratch (really.). The whelping box will no longer be large enough. Therefore, it is imperative to look for a mate that will surely enhance your breed. Please if someone out there has advice I would more than willing to be advised.Many thanks.Shawn. Dog Crying In Crate – How To Train Puppies to Like Their Crate. Share this data and don’t be ashamed than most puppies haven’t succeeded in your program, be thrilled two have. You should have your dog and the dog you want to breed them with tested for genetic problems associated with their breed. Breeding dogs can be a very fulfilling and exciting task as long as you understand the responsibilities and risks involved in the process. 09740325). Consider a home inspection. You will most likely be looking for a mate for a female dog you own. By fertility, I mean both the general quality of a dog’s sexual reproductive organs (sperms, eggs, ovaries) but also… at what time in a canine’s life is the quality the highest it will ever be? I'll be back when she is ready. Because you aren’t a geneticist or biologist, you won’t know everything by heart so you’ll have to ask on message boards, read dozens of Wikipedia articles and even more studies on your particular subject (canine acceleration mechanisms.). This needs to happen over the course of the pregnancy. What do dogs need to stay looking sleek and clean? You could breed her if you really wanted, but the chances of complications increase with age. The American Kennel Club (AKC) is a purebred dog pedigree registry in the United States. Once you’ve located a dam and a stud, examine their genetic background by looking at bloodlines and have them tested by a vet for breed-specific genetic disorders. Of course, these extra procedures increase the cost of each pregnancy and each puppy in the litter. She has worked at the same animal clinic in her hometown for over 20 years. Bedding will need to be changed and washed several times a day. ", "Telling people about how dogs go into heat is very good information to know. Required fields are marked *. If there is a cleft palate, milk will go from the mouth into the nasal passages. Not always, but if you wish to sell the pups on something such as the AKC website, it is suggested that the dogs be AKC registered or have a good history. spayed. Such a dog must represent the best efforts of its breeder at that point. Your show dogs need to follow conformation. This is the point where she is fully mature. Now you want to breed your dog, but what should you do next? Make sure that your dog is on a deworming program. Health Tests Preparation. Grooming is an important part of keeping your dog’s coat and skin clean and healthy. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. To start breeding, you need to have a female dog that is capable of having puppies, called a dam, as well as a virile male dog, called a stud, to impregnate her. First thing you have to be aware of is the fact that if you decide to breed your dog, it means that you are giving up on spaying/neutering. Or maybe she was going toxic. Other countries have their own breeding standards. I didn't know anything about her cycles, but everything in this article is right on. That way, the day you plan your first breeding, you will have a waiting list ready to buy your puppies. Price and availability information shown on Amazon at the moment of purchase will apply. Time Dog breeding takes a lot of time. The next step is to reverse-engineer this final ambition back to the mechanisms that will make it happen. "My first dog, a female Bichon, is 1 year old and a delight. Thank you! content, products, and resources as well as animal education; the information and content on is intended Many vets suggest that dogs of normal health should be retired from breeding around 8 years old. This can be problematic because It raises questions about the potential problems for the next generation’s breeding soundness. Last Updated: February 20, 2020 ", "I've read lots on breeding, but this was easier to understand. Of course, this presupposes that you will keep your dog securely contained and not permit it to … Therefore, you should always prepare a contingency plan for the pups that won’t be part of your breeding program: Please, just don’t look at them like they are second-class citizens because you made everything happen, now it’s your duty to be there for them. Why Are Poodles Often Bred With Other Dogs? She will usually bleed and the vagina will swell, then she will want to breed 9 to 11 days after that first occurs, so her interest in male dogs will be heightened. You need to be prepared to live with the puppies for a minimum of 8 weeks before they leave your house for new homes. Once you’ve located a dam and a stud, examine their genetic background by looking at bloodlines and have them tested by a vet for breed-specific genetic disorders. You need to know what time of the year the breeding may happen. In really special cases, semen can be surgically implanted into the uterus by a veterinarian with the dam under anesthesia. The AKC advocates for the responsible ownership of dogs and promotes purebred dog events, such as the Westminster Dog Show. If it is a severe enough situation, the puppy should be euthanized because they will not survive. Dog Breeding How To's. ", neutered and they spend tons of time together and my dogs showing all the pregnancy signs so it was all pretty helpful. My point is that I don’t want to write an article that just paraphrases all these posts. You can start weaning the puppies on to soaked puppy kibble at this time. You should also Indicate whether the puppy was sold as a pet or a breeding prospect and if there are any requirements for spaying/neutering by a specific age. Now, the problem dog breeders often face without even realizing is that dogs are living creatures and not objects we can dispose of. Because of this, a luteinizing hormone (LH) may be given to female dogs in order to control ovulation and regulate the bitch’s cycle, allowing breeding to be timed accordingly. Let’s take our Greyhound example: we wanted our bloodline to be known for it’s faster accelerations. This article was co-authored by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS. A kennel is promotion, networking, bookkeeping, online marketing, and more. This article has 12 testimonials from our readers, earning it our reader-approved status. % of people told us that this article helped them. It is not intended to constitute professional guidance or veterinary advice. Your email address will not be published. Keep the dam's kennel free of infestations such as fleas. You will want to look for a sire and a dam which have the typical temperament found in the breed. Dog breeding is the practice of mating selected dogs with the intention of maintaining or producing specific qualities and characteristics. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Receive a FREE 7-day course to a better breeding + a BOATLOAD of super freebies! Hiring a stud or purchasing semen costs money. It also gives you focus. Breeding Dogs Learn everything you want about Breeding Dogs with the wikiHow Breeding Dogs Category. Learn about the day-to-day activities of a dog breeding business owner, the typical target market, growth potential, startup costs, legal considerations, and more! Before you decide to breed your dog, read and think about all these things you should know about dog breeding. Before you breed, you need to understand the flaws of your dog against other specimens of its kind. Typically, the pregnant female is fed puppy food during the last three weeks of pregnancy. She graduated from the University of Glasgow in 1987 with a degree in veterinary medicine and surgery. You need to be clear on your objective first; and then figure out the path to get there. Everything requires a lot of brain-work before the breeding, and hard-work after the puppies are born. No. I owe you lots of thanks. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Are you especially fond of a particular breed? This page is about dog breeding for beginners because we know there are many of you. The dam will likely leave them alone for longer periods of time. Out of our ten puppies only two have had a significant acceleration improvement; eight did not really show any amelioration in that area. Because they share so many of the same genes, any inheritable health problems will be magnified in the puppies. ", "Generally speaking, it has good info for amateurs and beginners. Important Disclaimer – This site does not intend to provide veterinary advice. You cannot just leave them on the side of the road or sell them cheap to a place that will treat them inhumanely. Before you breed your male dog, you should confirm he is in good health. A female that is in full heat will be very "obliging" and try to make it easy for the male. Breeding relies on … Your mating dogs should … Include clean towels or other bedding that can be easily laundered. Monitor them closely when they are together. A few infectious agents are transmissible between a dog and bitch at mating. A different type of licence is required for those who are selling puppies … There are competitions to prove a dog is able to perform. How old should the pups be when their mother stops feeding them? This can help you figure out how it will affect you and your family. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. The period of maximum fertility occurs approximately five to six days after the LH peaks. to be used for general knowledge only. Some dams will have silent heat cycles which make estrus difficult to detect and Progesterone testing will help pin down ovulation timing. 1000's of dog breeders love The Dog Breeder's Handbook. You can also get a stud from a different breeder if you don't have one. But even then, a clean bill of health and vaccination certificates are important. Dr. Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS is a veterinarian with over 30 years of experience in veterinary surgery and companion animal practice. Take advantage by encouraging her to stand with her rear backed onto a small platform or box for the male to stand on. Our team provides quality posts, in-depth articles, interviews, product reviews, and more. I also have a two year old stud that is failed twice to cover the females introduced to him.He does everything correct that the stud is supposed to do but he battles with mounting and loses interest to quickly!! You are responsible for their health and happiness. To breed your dog successfully, it is best that the female is taken to where the male is. Such a dog must have good points to contribute, whether that is … Let’s say y0u love Greyhounds and realized you wanted to breed more powerful Greyhounds so they can accelerate much faster than most Greyhounds nowadays. Whether you are breeding boxers, papillons, labradors, american bullies or any other dog breed, just do your homework and know as much as possible before you even plan your first mating. Dams begin their heats, or estrus cycles, between 6 and 9 months. You will also need to ensure that your bitch’s registration with The Kennel Club does not carry any breeding restrictions (otherwise known as endorsements). ", "Very informative, getting rid of some fears. Switching from dependence on mother's milk to eating solids is called weaning. Many kennel clubs require a dog to be 8 years or younger to register litters. I would like to have her bred one time before she is, "Very good, and the information, although not vast, gives you enough to be getting on with!