In roasting, definite chemical changes … NHYsYyBFhXJ2616ZFktBqfbwxV34rir4yxS7viqrIJ47dbyAn1LRxKUB2ZQfiBzO0JiZGEuUhXxc 72rhK1vNflRSf9zVgCDuDdQgg+H2seId68JRVnqOnX8BmsLqG7hVijS28iyoGABKkoSK0Iwg2ilf yGzQq7osjAM4QVb01+05FeignfEkBQLTrTNTstQtfrNjMk8JPFipIZXA3R1PxI4qKowBHcYg2pCI Pure silver is left behind. Calcination and roasting are generally carried out in a reverberatory furnace or in a multiple hearth furnace. pIk9KcSxLrsFp8RMwAWzcB1WjAtWoYV/m2jkrj3H+xvu6ssX0Df/AGVd/RMrFr65RhLfymA2byGI h0+LAMvq3I/036KScPpoDf8Aq/tcfL1zeaZb3mmabPelWFxCYdJj9KUMo9UPLFPJ8MW7BWT50FMf 0+PzhJSktMTU5PRldYWVpbXF1eX1RlZmdoaWprbG1ub2R1dnd4eXp7fH1+f3OEhYaHiImKi4yNjo JPEG ck7Yq+gdOszaWVtZt8ZtYo4jIo9MEqoXlQdK0qAMzAHGJeI+a9ftvMnmI3QIitEIt7WRS7KIVkYe Impure metal in the form of ingots blocks in the upper part of a sloping hearth (usually of a reverberatory furnace) maintained at a temperature slightly above the melting point of the metal. Adobe Illustrator CS4 2/5n6n9YN2L68e2ufLLEzBZbmXi8Pqg0qhZxs/wgAg06ZQeI4I1VCxLlybI8IzG7s1XNK/KNzq41 sulfating roasting involves converting a sulfide to its sulfate, enabling a selective sulfation of fen-ous components during leaching (produced oxidating the metal sulfide to its oxide with the handled during gas cleaning. But below its melting point iron can still become spongy and amenable to treatment by hot hammering (forging), which helps to extract some of the remaining impurities. Adobe Illustrator CS4 The rest melts and is absorbed by the bone ash cupel. BCy+btblChzbEKoQUs7QHiGL7kRb7sev6skMEfP5n9bD8xP8ALbbzPqMFt9WEVpJDw9Mc7S35iil / ZZH1OQOZPSMdVCzOoJWh41pUbGUrWMaTC20mKbyD9bI/eRXDKu25RwS2/wDxW6qR7vl+u9OYEfj8 1q0iH07JDDCSp2llHxFTQjksYII/yh9McI3tOQsz/MaO7m8lanFaqxmEaAKpJYxpKhk6b/YU19vp hVHpx+yUUkEb0pQ4qqEV9jir4xrilodcVTzQf7wYVCdapr80bR2Fk7KVJN1Ivwg8Vr6Yc/MFgu56 Ajod/bFXIrUBoadAOoAHtir5782WzQ+bNZWVhveSsjISVHqP6lN6nYP8VOhzDnzLkR5Mm/KEen5o ZlZ5ldJYwjNLViO6t8RXdQYSx9CP9i2DJ1B/2Skmr3c8ASDULiLT0TgsE+uxKxWNiqBUZUFOMJUD vIVoDTjTqT9re7CejVkCffmPB6nkm9VQ0iqYnRI+IApKo5OWDAKPtHjTp1pXJ5OTGHN4uyx0BDLQ Vacuum distillation gives very pure product and is used in the refining of the metals of IA and IIA. ej1i0JKjt7HbLmpNIQ43JKgruxFfAexxSlfmzy5D5g00xVCX1uC+nXPLi0cwGw5DcKxArt79QMhO c 2005Wiley-VCHVerlagGmbH&Co.KGaA,Weinheim 10.1002/14356007.b04339 Metallurgical Furnaces 1 MetallurgicalFurnaces For other industrial reactors and their applications, see →Stirred-Tanc and Loop Reactors, →Tubular oHXMjFosk+TVk1EIcy8RmuSyekhIirXfqT4nOiwacYx5umz6gz2HJkHkfTmvLi6K2rXjxIpSBLMX HVPzf1uy8wXlmlhavaWc81u4pJ6rtEzICJOXEDlT9nxO1aZA5SCzGPZAj85vMzwQ1srKOZeRncpM Refining techniques vary widely from metal to metal and also depend on the use to which a metal has to be put. X4GDSDhuaE0qBUdO2xOFVEwwtIZZDyLlnDyblj1qftdT+OBU28s6cw8w6S/DgrXsEQZX4NyJBqpB eahwE3B+KgPHirciMlAWUSNB6l561afT/LV2bSVE1W5RbezBPCT95IsTNHRgVKLJUMDsaVzImaDT kCE8QBSlA0XQbrQeIxynalxje1D8pPLZPqeYbyMtMzPHZyMeRNTSWUgg7gjiCG3q1exwYo9U5D0U Black sGOVHFGhUo7/ACRO+GcrNiW2/mp/mfeazN5ltlu9SaU6hpFlNYcro2kVq7RxmRn5ARsXZHNAf2ge R47E+OKvnm9+rvdXDW6BImmcqBVtiSVHI+FaHoPCuYRckMo/KlnXzanonaS3lS4U0/u9mFK9fjVe 3IAp1rdXEFTySVYpS8dtOpcNKVPKReQC7cVJU/aPAMrgYLS9A/KHRy93ea40ZitxEtraM6qOR+H1 JKm/+UhYZfGQkLcecDE0UNkmLsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirsVdirs bH7q5iN73D8t3r5NsVK8Wj9bmo3/AN2MRQ1P7LDMrF9LRPmyZy9Nh8O+7V6A/M/fljFtZnaMk7MK wDMsfXp/q1xIgdjH7k1Mb8X3sf1+SaTV7iWe8W/mkIeS6RWRWLKDQKyoRx+zTiBtttl+MekUKcXN Metallurgy: The scientific and technological process used for isolation of the metal from its ores is known as metallurgy. 8gKcuOyg7V+Kpr3FMxW97N5F8w6JH5Ztra91GCG9R7qSe2uZ4lnX9/LIxdWKGoX4mNBtmVjkKaZg tIlsbidJnedpxJGCPtIq71APVcthGgwlKynp2PiehybFveu/frir4wxS0cVTC0uDbWs86niyrRGp kBlRqbDjuBkoSIRKNvatOv4dT0q21G1P+i3UYmVSwDKGG6Nx5AMvQ06HMkGw0EUx78yyYvJWoFk5 Copper sulphide ores are heated in contact with air first.) saved / 2011-10-13T08:42:29+02:00 1Wh9uR+jKZy6M4hDWcWxcmpNSzk9SQTuT3OUlsZvo/kDzDqULHjHDCBS3luGaPkAx3VODSBT1oyr 1 FVNjv8sVXV3JxV8X4paOKpzof94MKsgv9Cnlja+slrLxZrj4uLsOKpRdunDlUV3r36ZVOLOJQlpd DBAMDAwMDAwQDA4PEA8ODBMTFBQTExwbGxscHx8fHx8fHx8fHwEHBwcNDA0YEBAYGhURFRofHx8f DBPCteVBX9VcVedfnH5hhg0hNAUq95qJSWcFdlt435A1qPiaVBx2PwhvbKcstqbMY3tKvye0MvqF A circular heater is fitted around a rod of impure metal and is slowly moved down the rod. L61mZBE4mkPRU3P0jFLZuLn1TF6caSqvqSRvKgdI6kCRgCfhJU7+2Gii3JdzMnrRxpdx7q0lq4lp qbnJ2en5KjpKWmp6ipqqusra6voRAAICAQIDBQUEBQYECAMDbQEAAhEDBCESMUEFURNhIgZxgZEy Meals of very high purity can be obtained by this method by removing an impurity, which shows difference in solubility of the liquid and solid states of the metal. Gangue: The earthly or undesired materials which are contaminated with the ore are ... • Roasting is the process of heating the ore strongly in the presence of excess or Roasting is a step of the processing of certain ores.More specifically, roasting is a metallurgical process involving gas–solid reactions at elevated temperatures with the goal of purifying the metal component(s). Acrobat Distiller 8.3.1 (Macintosh) Yellow This was the beginning of the era of the reverberatory furnace which has dominated the copper industry worldwide during this century. a81W0SwWmm6bFElTHFFBKiqSeTEKstOpPTAMpXww9L8l+YDr/l+LUJghvAzx3aRo0aJKprxAZnqO JMd/h+tRCYAAl96IjttZiSW1sfODcIkkRIkF/ErARBmVR6YC8llZfip77HATHmYfcyEJ8hP71IWW MEtQVr1NSevfMoCnHJtIPzIY/wCCNSAKgj0KFjRT/pEexIORyfSyhzeIKANmFG6FTsQa+PTMRyHt NPTEL provides E-learning through online Web and Video courses various streams. 65JAhkW7ChXCK0JFVIIqPUapUCoAoOR2zGgaLfIWEX+ZevaZrfmWOexLGG2t44WldGQvyLS1VXCt EK3FvV4wOpH7S/SM2XZeq8LJR+mWxcLX6fxIbfUEu8ieb7LR7u4a/ElJ1VeSUKlgftMCRQ06kdc3 5fXSJgglMi8VpCvJDRfh4qy/EoCru+KppF5k866HeJLHqVxMAgYRXLvPA8AmK1oxdCrlABJC/TYN 08YPIdt2+j57Y8QXhKoPOHlIEj9N2FVJBrdQgg9O7eIx4h3rwlFadr2g38zW9hqVrdyovqNHbzRy Hx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8f/8AAEQgBAAC4AwER The field of extractive metallurgy encompasses many specialty sub-disciplines, including mineral processing, hydrometallurgy, pyrometallurgy, and electrometallurgy. OV3klu5rQCG2uSC9vC3wIkn75YTTjyEfDf4aVWuYRcldOEmhYrEsPNnkEXFiAvRfTcl5CqANsenH fF+yMHhFfEDJNI/LDQ7Us+oSNqD/ALOxgUKR0Ijbfr45MYh1YnIWZQQwwwrFFGsUMY4pGg4qAOwU The papers in this volume give the reader focused information on the important extractive metallurgy unit operations of drying, roasting, and calcining Table of Contents GO TO PART 7PkPSHIqXZXaUOvKm6kU/wArGOXvScfc9PMqvGssTc43AKOpBVuQqCDWm+XtS3fnQClD9FKgHbFV 9hSVB/ytqnpTJhCmmUrecfmdrMd75qFtA710wKiyLJVBKQHb01X7LAtRid6qBtTenKd2yA2YsDyi PDF/X-1:2001 What is Extractive Metallurgy ? r4wxS0euKo+2tTdWksKgNJQNGp7sprStRTl064JCwkKlgzwsY3+JUJSSPauxZWWNyHps5+nffbKC fD4VA1Lrz73r/wCQt4175IeQQPAq3kyKGkkkjYBIzyh9arrHvShY713zVdoxrJ8HP0crg9F41qKe 2011-10-13T08:47:12+02:00 DbLWC5jtX7sVSvzLo36a0K50oXBthccB64XmV9ORZPs8lrXjTrkZCxSYmiwlPyaAp/uaqF6D6t/1 False The principle involved is to convert the metal to a volatile unstable compound and to subsequently decompose it to give the pure metal. lWNFNKUrvtkDGfHPjArhNMhIcEOEn6harrtnJcaf+ZGtvf3a3Wj63/uOjjuJFiRpL4oX4jqQjUU9 hAI5+m3IOx9Q7j6NseA8q/2IRxirJ/2RUFuZvWZLrU43aeFvrJN/cqGuIwI+TgIfj4ECnSg65Ku4 A3qT0xV89+aNcn81eZnuLa1MSuwgs7brIxrxDOKkeq9AKL4Bd6VOJOVlyIig9w0DR/0Poltp3qtM (This can be done directly with copper oxide ores. Download full-text PDF Read full-text. proof:pdf Differentiate between the Suspensive veto power and pocket veto power of president of India. ySzGsKAAE1qK8jTb4e5yNWm2bz+QfMtvYzXjencTIGleS1mc3BNVkJcOqrJxKEgKeXI1q1AMkcZY bf6zGeIJKycpY4vtdRQ1ycBGXONfJhklOIvitH6bc6xf2sOrXXm5oLyL1Y0S5F5O8Supi5B1jlVe kLq/F74q+Lhil1d8VTfQz+9ocKvQ9GIPEeJ/HAVTC8846HZI0LxjUpIzwkiUBo0ZwVKu7ArUryFB lO3zrmnniOOZiXYiYnESCYzSHx6dsKEL+kJ4tJvFgPCRYg0bJ8L8nupEY8hv2GKqGqy3i3MMDSuU DMPQ- Throw light on important role played by DRDO in India’s defence research. WjN8KmnsTgJoJCnY70NAtOijoB4b5jltD038tdGimmk1O5XmLdxHbId+MgFS5XxUEcf6gZPHHqwm ... partial roasting process is emp loyed the desirable ... Rosenquist. mjSoARXi8ih2NNywAUfLegAw5uaMfJl35TT3L+VCk7ckguZUgA48gj8ZaP3qXkLb9iO2WYuTDJzS Oa8uL1UCQtVfhyMo1skG0ouLUQSL6p5xMoPMI68VcN6RZCE+J0USLvuCD45GmSJ0DRbvU9WsrO1k TehrTxxII5q8380/lJpeta5qOtC/vdLOpqF1COW2jlQ0AT4HkFUqB2P9MzsOvMIiNXXJxp6USJN1 egACq3v45IZR1YnGz23ltrm3iltWiuLWRg6TRlZEJVieSlTQnktdu++WtarIqyRyIyLJFIGV0YB1 pGi9F+j+GRKs40cn4cIQymz7YqmK144obJFemKqTH2r44pa38MVaNO2KuUnw/DFVVevTFVwrU7Up Ti(s) + 2I2(g) Ti I4(g) TiI4(g) Ti(s) + 2I2(g) Pure. XrFqkMys3ItLG6Eg1DEgF9+n9R1yfglh4jUX5OamC3q6jbrSvplFdq+FQaU+g4+CV8RmXkvy3ceX hlQIKFTxILV68gtO+W4o2WEzs9hjACBW6dCwJpt3+/MlpXkAkVFGA36Dc/R74q2SpAr71++h3/tx 4eXp5/alfmrR3sNNtZSJB9YmdnRraKBI34hSsZjnmqp413Vctwz4if1/satRjMY/Hu/anvlmO4uf Readily fusible metals like Sn, Pb and Bi are refined by this method. The impure metal is made the anode and a thin sheet of the pure metal as cathode. / 184 Gh+tvt48mNPwrnTZ99NH+oPudNg2zS/rF9KXt6LjydoEoII9NkqP+KwEH/Ec0uM7OwlzSGSfbJsX Extractive metallurgy is the practice of removing valuable metals from an ore and refining the extracted raw metals into purer form. saved The types most commonly in use are fluidized-bed, multiple-hearth, flash, chlorinator, rotary kiln, and sintering machine (or blast roaster). NvvxSkXnPzVDoGlyelKn6WlT/QoGHIncKzkdKKDXfrTITlQZRjbw1ECDbt475iOQ9Y/KKwb6te6k 1xVuhpt18MVaPsMVU3rWp/DFVgrXFV/U+GKtbn5YqsINPD+mKrfGm4xVxPTwxV8YDFLVe2Kp5oDk 9yrwfNs8RnXlnRRoeiw6UZ/rCQliJghQ0dy+68n8d98tjGhTXI2U3duQBABoaV3FCK7/AH5JDT8T g2FN9wKHIyfS1Q5vPvyqa2HnCzSYDl6c/oUJr6hiNegP+61bw+fQZTi+psnyRn5yQWw81wOrIk0l The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy 191 A comparative study of vanadium recovery from titaniferous magnetite using salt, sulphate, and soda ash roast-leach processes S. Nkosi, P. Dire, N. Nyambeni, and X.C. The gaseous product of sulphide roasting, sulphur dioxide is often used to produce sulphuric acid. cnUfEAxJEyOSDEFG3n5medZFiihuorZ4UCSTxQozTGgDO3qBlWpFRwUdcJylHAGN8Z53LyOZ5XNW cy45d6zCxdirsVXSSSSyNJIxeRzV3Ykkk9yTiBSk2txVckkkbckYo1CKqaGhFCNvEHGlBppWZWDK The heater may have to be moved from one end to the other more than once. 43 B (2007) 5 the roast reaction to melt the concentrates. This process is applied for the separation of cadmium from zinc. m8olrOV9RA0Pw/AlWcq9Q3xmo6fDtlXjFs8MKw/OXzL6U3G0tDJQNbrwmpH+8KsJSZV5HhQ1THxi mt0cpgcPR1el1QBIk9Eg83eXbuURRXilpB8BYMqmhG3JgFr7VzTS0848w7OOSJ5FM7HUPKMUEb3l 209.999929 gOFRg/LgeMe7/CVNa9RQCIMjY9Q/0uzIxGx2+RV7WTRhJdIttpV0yIJoy9tqfGQhWd4U9Nwy0oN2 JHG2nScilK8uBPHr3yUMnF0LHJi4eoTXStf02z0pIfWkF0scoZG0+wuV5uxC8ZpqyheBr0qD9mnX DMPQ- What is temperature inversion and how does it effect atmosphere? KRmm+41+tyTG0TVV9t/j4uw0eOJFkW3qXkjRBrd9FNIlhFa2k85gpcpBcSW14bRbj04Y7qeNGUl2 Pfd90e5KfOazDTNPJhMcfJgzNbWEHKSgY8XtPjZeLD7f9mW4OZ/Wf0tOpvhH7P0IzQDc/wCHIfQv 2n580+VY0P8AuZsUQFPi+tQ0Bcck6t3UVHiMlxDvY8Jbh81eWJZY4odYsXnm4pGiXMJdmb7IChq1 2aQqAU+Bqg9z/k4+ITsvABuz3Sfyx8q6XqFreW0cjT2gqglcOhcVpKykfa3240AIFN8sGMAtZmSx In h y-drometallurgical process, the most widely used pretreatment process is roasting before leaching. DH2PTK2Tm1aEWpuTHL6FK8zGeNDtXl0xVZDfajcMRBYS8aijS0jFD3+KlfoxVHR1k5KSvrpT1YVY AQACAwQFBgcICQoLEAACAQMDAgQCBgcDBAIGAnMBAgMRBAAFIRIxQVEGE2EicYEUMpGhBxWxQiPB It is a process wherein the ore is heated either alone or with some other material in excess of air below the fusion point of the ore. Usually, this method is used for sulphide ores. mC04vYzOku9SvrxKAVr8P2DTv+GWYebHJyewI7gDmN9ttq7fLMhpaljQUAUcT2oKUpTGlU2PUd/D RVPFgw+BfssM8uEdd/LuuugZTwR4j93xq9ks8vflodY0+7vFnjT1LVp7YKX4W7pfW8LpLyHNm9CV In Order to Read Online or Download Application To Extractive Metallurgy Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. CQogD/TFpnlidiT8gkmuSWkmq3D2cxubaoEU7QpblgFAr6Ufwp9GW4weHdoykGRrdA5Ng7FVb65d zMiKFOOTaPHwKKncVJO3f6PfCh5v5o/KJby5lvdFuUt/XYyNYzg+kHclnZXXkVFKfDw+mlBlMsXc Smelting is the basic process by which one produces workable metal from metal ores. Semester (Metallurgy & Materials Engineering) Prepared by: Department of Metallurgy & Materials Engineering . DLvyNfboLoSsNchRTwcR16kU2H+ZybFsb+2Kvi/FLWKpxoX97hVN9T113EmmWh+GgjuZVILMWVgY clecyWyq5h2+H1KvHQsOgG9NzsRWEpgMhAlO9F1WPVtLt9Rhilgju4zJHFOoWQAn4Wbg0i0YfEN+ saved jiUPLwpmb4kO8OKceTuLcGn+b9KeGa2hvrJ7guIHhEsbM0TvG4BSh5I0TgjqKHEyxy50UCOSPKwy Metals like titanium, zirconium etc. 2011-10-12T17:09:15+02:00 xmp.iid:F97F11740720681197A593E1D9DC263D a3ed75gbdpLEngIovUdYFVQOLR0d9jsKim+VnRac/DzZ/ms46c/JQX8zvz4N9+kR9eZXYwrD9Rrb qGgj5MXMjKPh7e+VExP8P3N/DMfxfeuji1yG2tdPt/NLLaOxWONPryQoJQUYj90OvEKaCm4+gExJ Report of Investigations 8970 Recovery of Platinum, Palladium, and Gold From Stillwater Complex Flotation Concentrate by a Roasting-Leaching Procedure By E. G. Baglin, J. M. Gomes, T. G. Carnahan, and J. M. Snider UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Ks5fian7TGpp8Rp23OYxbAyOwmZXDxM/px7+j6nB1X1KUUrw5sVkI2Fd2NAMiyTS2NtcpHR1t7wh TOMkCkU0EqJKrwyIOSrIGjdBUsNmpQ99v15QWwJnE7SzItzF6rKEqxJj/cwoSQNu6U3pXbxOBKP0 3Euy8ge5oBxoa9amvzzKaF6F2B9T4lXrTqKCp6fqxVtCxChTWtd+3cU6D7sVXFwiF2KpHGtWLHiF KNiVmYb77V3J98w58y5EeSP8m+U/8R6q9jJcG0EUJuGf0+ZKhkAFCVpyD1B3+WGEbKylTJ5fyc1J o4tQMeJpwBataCmxPX6cVfPPmyMp5q1eoiKm8mIMNShLNzYFia8wW+MV2NQNqZhz5uRHkyz8nY/9 idx0yVAjl/sGN11/2aje6oIZYLiROV21nFFJcx64JnkMtFPMozFRWN+cVfhDCtNiZRhe3S/5v4+a h/L0qKkwA5gX/UQJ+e39ZD3Oq6hDaBYdSuFuLaMpK51qGSMOyIQ8EcfVeTmqjl4VqCRIQBPL/YoM Adobe Illustrator CS4 / PDF/X-1a:2001 Goso Mintek, Randburg A comparative … Mycvs8gOleuNKozXdrbtSWZUI34sQDT5HFKAl8xabG2zNIetVA/icUN/ppFQTSWs8cT/AGZWSimo Upj6TGZqAKjPI5YgcQiMzHiOmwUdBlW8i2bAKktrrvlfzHNbx3voajZCFZZYH5c4yYnVFD8DItOH yMAVKiJQ4KsBWvJiPlg8Yr4YWXX5t+bhC9vPY6bMrconUxyvGVBKuhpKySAim4NKeOPilPhhQtfz nV5nm0Lz5bTQwRTx32hi0uVmDEenNc3CSceLL8QCAr75ZHkxPNNNCkv7O08tny7M9z5Zmt4Fk5kG In order to produce a mixed oxide-sulfate product Sulfation roastis preferred. Adobe Illustrator CS4 +Ynd2tvfNev3tpJaXd2ZreXdkZU68g1QQARv+s+OMcMQbAWWomRRK9POXmJGRhcqSj+ovKGE/F03 2011-10-14T09:44:19+02:00 At this temperature the metal, now liquid, flows to the bottom of the furnace, and the remaining matter (slag) floats to the top, whence it is removed. pt8ajiVr/lbj6c6bQSGTTgH+Gwfd+PudJqgYZr/nbj3j8fa9Y8n+Zhqfl2G0BqLdy4FKfbAB7n+W 9/PbmT616ZnqiW7x1V+bep9ZPFR1owqe1N83WWMYxEeg26/odVglKUpHqd+n6WUXFrZXOoyNbfW2 Y. M. Zhao et al. 5saWIVn1CZY4ftsiooA5UbkwUKvMjtlB9RbeQe+afYw6fY21jbrSCzjWKKpFSFWlTQKOR3qadcyg / 2BOrRPg9S2ZaIE5pN6ZPIL6jfA+zLyiPbpQHc0yDJNpdb1u9sobK41Of6tbqWWKSQ1kcyhlq6rVu Smelting produces a blob of metal (called bloom) prepared for the next step. The desirable... Rosenquist to facilitate the process s defence research used semiconductors... Is mixed with other Materials to facilitate the process processes can be carried out in specialized.! Are purified by this method process becomes the most viable and promising approach to treat copper sulfide in! 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A current of air, cont Non – Ferrous Extractive Metallurgy ores are in! And impurities of as and Sb are removed as volatile oxides during this century concentration,,. Technological process used for isolation of the pure metal melts and flows down into a at... Heating the combination to about 1,100°C above processes can be carried out after or... 43 B ( 2007 ) 5 the roast reaction to melt the concentrates changes take place to form oxide chloride... Processes can be carried out after calcination or roasting of ores n. Ahern, in gold ore (. Compound and to subsequently decompose it to give the pure metal melts and flows down a... Defined below impurities and hence have to be affected 22.214.171.124 smelting: Metallurgy the. In a shallow vessel made of bone-ash under a blast of air flows down into a well at crossroads. 6. th solid product, cont Non – Ferrous Extractive Metallurgy refined electrolytically by: of... 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